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托福写作倒装句如何运用?

来源:考试吧 2021-3-8 21:18:35 要考试,上考试吧! 万题库
托福写作倒装句如何运用?更多托福考试心得技巧相关内容,请关注考试吧托福考试网。

  托福写作完全倒装句式改写技巧实例讲解分析

  1. here、 there、 now、 then等副词引导的句子通常称作把时间状语、地点状语提前的倒装句,其谓语动词通常跟在时间or地点状语之后。

  A controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice appears then.

  变成:

  Then appears a controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice.

  In the urban cities, an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living live there.

  变成:

  In the urban cities, there live an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living.

  2. 为了使描述的景象更生动,常把拟声词或away、 in、out、 up、 down等状语放在句首从而引起主谓全部倒装。

  Down it fell from the apple tree.

  The door opened, in rush the crowed.

  Up went the arrow

  总结1,2: here、 there/now、 then/in、out/up、 down/ away + 谓语动词 + 主语

  3. 句首状语是表示地点的介词词组时,也完全倒装: 地点状语+谓语+主语

  很多工厂位于都市。

  Many factories lie in urban cities.

  变成:

  In urban cities lie many factories.

  越来越多的学生在美国学习,为了更先进的教育体系和多元文化。

  Students in a grow ing number study in America, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.

  变成:

  In America study students in a growing number, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.

  更多的市民选择住在在他们老了以后住小城市。

  More citizens choose to live in a small town when they grow older.

  变成:

  In a small town choose to live more citizens, when they grow older.

  更多的年轻人选待在家里放松。

  Many more young people stay at home for relaxation.

  变成:

  At home stay many young people for relaxation.

  4. 表语 放在句首,倒装结构采用:“表语+ 系动词 + 主语”

  1)形容词+系动词+主语:

  大学生很担忧他们未来的职业发展,使他们找各种兼职工作希望去尽可能多的培养技能。

  College students are anxious about their fu ture career develo pment, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible.

  变为:

  Anxious about their future career development are college stud ents, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible.

  2)现在/过去分词+系动词+主语:

  中国正发生巨大的变化。

  The dramatic change is taking place in China.

  变成:

  Taking place in China is the dramatic change.

  7-12岁的小孩上不了小学的现象已经一去不复返了。

  The phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend primary schools are gone.

  变成:

  Gone are the phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend prim ary schools.

  发展中和发达国家都遭受了前所未有的经济危机。

  Both developing and developed countries are confr onted with an unprecedented economic crisis.

  变成:

  Confronted with an unprecedented economic crisis are both develop ing and developed countries.

  目前学校基础设施的质量正在经历巨大的提升。

  The quality of infrastructure facilities in current schools is experien cing a huge improvement

  变成:

  Experiencing a huge improvement is the quality of infrastructure facilities in current universities.

  日渐衰败的传统企业处于激烈的竞争市场中。

  Traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation is involved in the market of fierce competition

  变成:

  Involved in the market of fierce compe tition is traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation.

  3)介词 + 系动词 + 主语:

  由睡眠不足引起的劳累和注意力不集中这是导致交通事故的主要因素。

  The fatigue and distraction caused by inade quate sleep are among the main contributors to traffic accidents.

  变成:

  Among the main contributors to traffic accidents are the fatigue and distraction caused by inadequate sleep.

  提升教师的工资是提升教学效率最重要的因素的之一。

  Increasing teachers’ salaries is one of the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency.

  变成:

  Among the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency is increasing teachers’ salaries.

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