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2019年上半年大学英语四级阅读200篇(第27篇)

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  Foxes and farmers have never got on well. These small dog-like animals have long been accused of killing farm animals. They are officially classified as harmful and farmers try to keep their numbers down by shooting or poisoning them.

  Farmers can also call on the services of their local hunt to control the fox population. Hunting consists of pursuing a fox across the countryside, with a group of specially trained dogs, followed by men and women riding horses. When the dogs eventually catch the fox they kill it or a hunter shoots it.

  People who take part in hunting think of as a sport; they wear a special uniform of red coats and white trousers, and follow strict codes of behavior. But owning a horse and hunting regularly is expensive, so most hunters are wealthy.

  It is estimated that up to 100,000 people watch or take part in fox hunting. But over the last couple of decades the number of people opposed to fox hunting, because they think it is brutal (残酷的), has risen sharply. Nowadays it is rare for a hunt to pass off without some kind of confrontation (冲突) between hunters and hunt saboteurs (阻拦者). Sometimes these incidents lead to violence, but mostly saboteurs interfere with the hunt by misleading riders and disturbing the trail of the fox’s smell, which the dogs follow.

  Noisy confrontations between hunters and saboteurs have become so common that they are almost as much a part of hunting as the pursuit of foxes itself. But this year supporters of fox hunting face a much bigger threat to their sport. A Labour Party Member of the Parliament, Mike Foster, is trying to get Parliament toapprove a new law which will make the hunting of wild animals with dogs illegal. If the law is passed, wild animals like foxes will be protected under the ban in Britain.

  练习题:

  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1. Rich people in Britain have been hunting foxes ________.

  A. for recreation

  B. in the interests of the farmers

  C. to limit the fox population

  D. to show off their wealth

  2. What is special about fox hunting in Britain?

  A. It involves the use of a deadly poison.

  B. It is a costly event which rarely occurs.

  C. The hunters have set rules to follow.

  D. The hunters have to go through strict training.

  3. Fox hunting opponents often interfere in the game ________.

  A. by resorting to violence

  B. by confusing the fox hunters

  C. by taking legal action

  D. by demonstrating on the scene

  4. A new law may be passed by the British Parliament to ________.

  A. prohibit farmers from hunting foxes

  B. forbid hunting foxes with dogs

  C. stop hunting wild animals in the countryside

  D. prevent large-scale fox hunting

  5. It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

  A. killing foxes with poison is illegal

  B. limiting the fox population is unnecessary

  C. hunting foxes with dogs is considered cruel and violent

  D. fox-hunting often leads to confrontation between the poor and the rich

  1.[A] 事实细节题。根据第3段第1句的前半部分People who take part in hunting think of it as a sport可知,参加捕杀的人们把猎杀狐狸当成是一种运动,A与之相符。

  2.[C] 事实细节题。根据第3段首句末尾说,凡是参加的人都要遵循严格的行为准则,C “猎手已建立起需要遵循的规则”与之相符,故选C。

  3.[B] 事实细节题。第4段末句提到,在大部分情况下,阻拦者利用为骑马的人引错路和进行气味干扰来干涉捕猎,B与之相符,故选B。

  4.[B] 事实细节题。文章倒数第2句提及,督促议会通过一项新法案,将带狗猎杀野生动物列为非法。而狐狸是野生动物的一种,故选B。

  5.[C] 推断题。.根据第4段第2句后半部分可知,反对捕猎狐狸的人数在上升是因为他们认为捕猎狐狸是残酷的,故选C。

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