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实用英语语法:动词+介词/副词的组合

  (a) 口头宣称

  They gave out the names of the winners.(gave the names out/gave themout)

  他们宣布了获胜者的名字。

  (b)分发,分给

  The teacher gave out the books.(gave one/some to each pupil)

  教师分发了书。

  give out(intr)耗竭,用光(指供应品等)

  The champagne gave out long before the end of the reception.

  在招待会结束前很久,香槟酒就都喝完了。

  His patience gave out and he slapped the child hard.

  他再也忍耐不下去了,用力打了那孩子一巴掌。

  give up(tr/intr) 放弃努力,停止做某事的试

  I tried to climb the wall but after I had failed three times I gave up.(gaveup the attempt/gave the attempt up/gave it up)

  我试图爬上那堵墙,但失败三次之后我放弃了。

  A really determined person never gives up/never gives up trying.一个真正有决心的人绝不会放弃试一次的机会。

  give up(tr) 放弃某种习惯、运动、学习、职业等

  Have you given up drinking whisky before breakfast?

  你已经不在早餐之前喝威士忌了?

  He gave up cigarettes.(gave them up)

  他不吸烟了。

  He tried to learn Greek but soon got tired of it and gave it up.

  他曾想学希腊语,但不久就感到厌倦而放弃了。

  give oneself up(宾语在up之前) 投降,自首,不再抗拒

  He gave himself up to despair.

  他完全沉湎于绝望中。

  He was cold and hungry after a week on the run so he gave himself up tothe police.

  他上路潜逃一个星期后饥寒交迫,只得向警方自首了。

  go

  go ahead(intr)(继续)工作、前进,先走

  While she was away he went ahead with the work and got a lot done.

  她不在的时候,他继续干活,干了不少工作。

  You go ahead and I’ll follow;I’m not quite ready.

  你先走一步,我随后就来;我还没完全准备好。

  go away(intr) 离开,走开,别在这儿

  —Are you going away for your holiday?

  —No,I’m staying at home.

  —你假期出去吗?

  —不,我呆在家里。

  Please go away;I can’t work unless I am alone.

  请你走开;有人在旁边我无法工作。

  go back(intr) 回去,后退,撤退

  I’m never going back to that hotel.It is most uncomfortable.

  我再也不回那家旅馆了。那儿太不舒服了。

  go back on(tr) 收回或不履行(诺言)

  He went back on his promise to tell nobody about this.

  他答应这件事对谁也不讲,可是他食言了。

  go down(intr)

  (a) 得到赞同并被接受(常指一个主意、想法)

  I suggested that she should look for a job but this suggestion did not godown at all well.

  我建议她去找个工作,可是这个主意她根本听不进。

  (b)减少,减弱(指风、浪、重量、价格等)

  During her illness her weight went down from 50 kilos to 40.

  在病中她体重由50公斤下降到40公斤。

  The wind went down and the sea became quite calm.

  风力减弱,海浪平息了。

  go for(tr) 进攻,袭击

  The cat went for the dog and chased him out of the hall.

  那猫向狗发起进攻,把它赶出了门厅。

  go in for(tr)对……特别感兴趣,练习做某事或使用某物,参加(某项比赛等)

  This restaurant goes in for vegetarian dishes.

  这家饭馆供应素菜。

  She plays a lot of golf and goes in for all the competitions.

  她常打高尔夫球,参加所有的赛事。

  go into(tr) 深入调查,研究,侦查

  ‘We shall have to go into this very carefully,’said the detective.

  “我们得非常仔细地对此进行侦查,”侦探说。

  go off(intr)

  (a) 爆炸(指军火或焰火),开火(指枪炮,尤指偶然走火)

  As he was cleaning his gun it went off and killed him.

  他擦枪时,枪走火了,把他打死了。

  (b)获得成功(指一项社会或社交活动)

  The party went off very well.

  晚会开得很成功。(人人都玩得很高兴。)

  (c)开始一次旅行,上路,离开

  He went off in a great hurry.

  他非常匆忙地走了。

  go on(intr)继续赶路

  Go on till you come to the orossroads.

  一直走到十字路口的地方。

  go on(intr),go on with(tr),go on+动名词 继续做某事

  Please go on playing;I like it.

  请继续演奏下去;我喜欢这曲调。

  Go on with the treatment.It is doing you good.

  你要继续进行这种疗法。它对你是有效的。

  go on+动词不定式 接着干(另一件事)

  He began by describing the route and went on to tell us what the tripwould probably cost.

  他开始是描述这条路线,后来又告诉我们这次旅行可能要花多少钱。

  go out(intr)

  (a) 出家门到外面去,外出

  She is always indoors;she doesn’t go out enough.

  她老是窝在家里;她外出得不够。

  (b) 参加社会交活动,出去进行文娱活动等

  She is very pretty and goes out a lot.

  她长得很漂亮,常常到外头玩。

  (c) 消逝,不再流行(指时装服饰)

  Crinolines went out about the middle of the last century.

  有衬架支撑的女裙在上世纪中叶已不流行了。

  (d) 熄灭(指灯、火等)

  The light went out and we were left in the dark.

  灯光灭了,剩下我们摸黑呆着。

  go over(tr) 仔细地检查,研究学习,重新诵记

  He went over the plans again and discovered two very serious mistakes.

  他又把计划过了一遍,发现了两个非常严重的错误。

  go round(intr)

  (a) 足够供(一定数目的人)用

  Will there be enough wine to go round?

  葡萄酒够大家喝的吗?

  (b)到(某人)家去,过去

  I said that I’d go round and see her during the weekend.

  我说过我要在周末过去看看她。(到她家里去)

  go through(tr)仔细检查(常指多种东西;与look through意思相近,但具有更彻底的意思)

  There is a mistake somewhere;we’ll have to go through the accounts andsee where it is.

  不知哪儿有个错误;我们得再把帐目彻底过一下,看错在哪儿。

  The police went through their files to see if they could find any finger-prints to match those that they had found on the handle of the weapon.

  警方仔细检查了他们的档案,看是否能找到同在凶器柄上发现的指纹相符的指纹。

  go through(tr)承受,受苦,受罪

  No one knows what I went through while I was waiting for the verdict.

  没有人能知道我在静候判决时所承受的痛苦。

  go through with(tr)完成,使进行至终结(尤指经历某种反对或困难)

  He went through with his plan although all his friends advised him toabandon it.

  尽管他的朋友们都建议他放弃,他还是把计划进行到底。

  go up(intr)

  (a) 上升(指物价)

  The price of strawberries went up towards the end of the season.

  草莓将要下市时,价格上涨了。

  (b)起火(并被焚毁),爆炸(指整个的建筑物、船只等)

  When the fire reached the cargo of chemicals the whole ship went up.

  火焰延伸到运载的化学品时,全船都爆炸了。

  Someone dropped a cigarette end into a can of petrol and the whole garagewent up in flames.

  有人把烟头扔在一罐汽油里了,整个车库都陷于火海。

  go without(tr)不要某物而将就着过日子(但只指物;gowithout a person只有字面的意义,即意指“不等某人来到就动身离去”)

  grow

  grow out of(tr)长大了一些后不再继续保持幼时的(坏)习惯

  He used to tell a lot of lies as a young boy but he grew out of that lateron.

  他还是个小男孩时,常常说谎,可是后来大了就不那样了。

  grow up(intr) 成为成年人,长大成人

  I’m going to be a pop star when I grow up,’said the boy.

  “我长大了要当流行歌星,”那男孩子说。

  hand

  hand down(tr)授予或传下去(指传统/信息/所有物等)

  This legend has been handed down from father to son.

  这一传说代代相传。

  hand in(tr)上交,交出(给什么人常不必提及,因为听话人已经知道了)

  I handed in my resignation.

  我把辞职书交上去了。

  Someone handed this parcel in yesterday.(handed it in)

  有人把这小包交来了。

  hand out(tr)分发

  He was standing at the door of the theatre handing out leaflets.(handingleaflets out/handing them out)

  他站在剧院门口,分发小册子。

  hand over(tr/intr)将权力或职责交给某人,移交

  The outgoing Minister handed over his department to his successor.(handed his department over/handed it over)

  即将离任的部长把他的部门移交给了后任。

  hand round(tr)给在场的每一个人,给在场的大家轮流看

  The hostess handed round coffee and cakes.(handed them round).

  女主人给大家依次递来咖啡和点心。

  hang

  hang about/around(tr/intr)(在附近)逗留不去

  He hung about/around the entrance all day,hoping for a chance to speakto the director.

  他整天等在入口,巴望着有机会同导演/主任谈一下。

  hang back(intr)不愿采取行动,退缩

  Everyone approved of the scheme but when we asked for volunteers theyall hung back.

  人人都赞同这个计划,但是我们征求志愿者时,他们都退缩了。

  hang on to(tr)抓住不放,不肯交出,不放手(俗语化的用法)

  I’d hang on to that old coat if I were you.It might be useful.

  如果我是你,我就不放手那件旧外衣。它可能还用得着。

  hold

  hold off(intr)保持在一段距离之外,不来到(指雨)

  The rain fortunately held off till after the school sports day.

  幸亏雨直到学校运动会开过了才下。

  hold on(intr) 等待(特指打电话时)

  Yes,Mr Pitt is in.If you hold on for a moment I’ll get him for you.

  对,皮特先生在。请您等一会儿,我给您找他听电话。

  hold on/out(intr)(不顾艰苦或危险而)坚持,坚持忍受下去

  The survivors on the rock signalled that they were short of water butcould hold out for another day.

  岩石上的幸存者发信号说他们缺水了,但还能坚持一天。

  The strikers held out for six weeks before agreeing to arbitration.

  罢工工人坚持了六周,才同意接受仲裁。

  hold up(tr)

  (a) 以威胁或暴力使人停止向前走(时常由于想抢劫)

  The terrorists held up the train and kept the passengers as hostages.

  恐怖分子强行制止火车前进,并把乘客劫为人质。

  Masked men held up the cashier and robbed the bank.(held him up)

  有几个蒙面人用武器迫使出纳员就范,把银行给抢了。

  (b)使停止,使延迟(常用于被动语态)

  The bus was held up because a tree had fallen across the road.

  因为有一棵大树横倒在路上,公共汽车停下了。

  join

  join up(intr)参军,应征从军

  When war was declared he joined up at once.

  一宣战,他马上参军。

  jump

  jump at(tr)热情地接受(一种建议或一次机遇)

  He was offered a place in the Himalayan expedition and jumped at thechance.

  人家向他提议让他参加喜马拉雅山考察队,他求之不得地接受了。

  keep

  keep somebody back(宾语在back前面)阻挡,拦阻,制止其前进

  Frequent illnesses kept him back.

  经常生病使他进展迟缓。

  keep down(tr)压抑,控制

  What is the best way to keep down rats?(keep them down)

  控制鼠患的最佳方法是什么?

  Try to remember to turn off the light when you leave the room.I am try-ing to keep down expenses.(keep expenses down)

  你离开时,要记得熄灯。我在努力控制支出。

  keep off(tr/intr)避免在……上践踏,避免来到近旁

  ‘Keep off the grass.’

  “禁止践踏草地!”(公园里的布告)

  keep on 继续,不停歇

  I wanted to explain but he kept on talking and didn’t give me a chance tosay anything.

  我本想解释一下,可是他不住嘴地说,不给我说话的机会。

  keep out(tr)阻止进入,挡住

  My shoes are very old and don’t keep out the water.(keep the water out/ keep it out)

  我的鞋很旧,漏水进去了。

  keep out(intr)不许进来,留在外面

  ‘Private.Keep out.’

  “私人产业。不许进入。”(门上的告白)

  keep up(tr)继续保持(努力)

  He began walking at four miles an hour but he couldn’t keep up thatspeed and soon began to walk more slowly.(couldn’t keep it up)

  他开始以每小时四英里的速度走路,但是无法维持那个速度,不久之后就放慢了脚步。

  It is difficult to keep up a conversation with someone who only says‘Yes’and‘No’.

  与光说“对”和“不对”的人很难把谈话继续下去。

  keep up(intr),keep up with(tr)与某人齐头并进,和某人同速前进

  A runner can’t keep up with a cyclist.

  跑步的跟不上骑车的。

  The work that the class is doing is too difficult for me.I won’t be able tokeep up(with them).

  班上学的东西对我讲是太难了。我跟不上(他们)。

  It is impossible to keep up with the news unless you read the newspapers.

  你要是不读报,就跟不上时事。

  knock

  knock off(tr/intr)(一天的活干完之后)歇了,收工,下班(俗语)

  English workmen usually knock off at 5.30 or6.00 p.m.

  英国工人一般在下午5点半或6点下班。

  We knock off work in time for tea.

  我们收工后,正好能赶上喝下午茶。

  knock out(tr)重击使之晕倒在地

  In the finals of the boxing championship he knocked out his opponent,who was carried out of the ring.(knocked his opponent out/knocked himout)

  在拳击锦标赛决赛中,他把对手击昏在地,后者被人抬出了拳击台。

  lay

  lay in(tr)为自己准备足够的货品等以使其维持一段时间,储备(食物)

  She expected a shortage of dried fruit so she laid in a large supply.

  她预期果脯会有短缺,所以囤积了一大批。

  lay out(tr)为花园、建筑等安排平面设计

  Le Notre laid out the gardens at Versailles.(laid the gardens out/laidthem out)

  凡尔赛宫的园林是勒·诺特尔设计的。

  lay up(tr)小心地存储以备将来用(指船只等)

  Before he went to Brazil for a year,he laid up his car,as he didn’t wantto sell it.(laid it up)

  他要到巴西去一年,在此以前他把车子储存起来了,因为他不想把车卖掉。

  be laid up(of a person)因病卧床不起

  She was laid up for weeks with a slipped disk.

  她因腰椎间盘突出,卧床数周之久。

  lead

  lead up to(tr)为……做好准备,引出(比喻的用法)

  He wanted to borrow my binoculars,but he didn’t say so at once.He ledup to it by talking about birdwatching.

  他想借我的望远镜,可又不直接说。他借着谈起观察鸟类的话题引出这件事。

  leave

  leave off(常为intr)停止(做某件事)

  He was playing his trumpet but I told him to leave off because the neigh-bours were complaining about the noise.

  他在吹喇叭,可是我告诉他别吹了,因为邻居们都在抱怨太闹了。

  leave out(tr)省略,删去

  We’ll sing our school song leaving out the last ten verses.

  我们唱校歌要省略最后十节。

  They gave each competitor a number;but they left out No.13 as no onewanted to have it.(left No.13 out/left it out)

  他们给每个参赛者一个号码;可是他们把13号隔过去了,因为没有人要这个号码。

  let

  let down(tr)放下来

  When she lets her hair down it reaches her waist.(lets down her hair/lets it down)

  她把头发放下来时,头发长抵腰际。

  You can let a coat down(lengthen it)by using the hem.

  你可以利用下摆把一件外衣放长。

  let someone down(宾语在down之前)行动不像某人所期待的,未能执行某一协议,辜负某人

  I promised him that you would do the work.Why did you let me downby doing so little?

  我答应他说你会做这工作的。你为什么干得这么少而让我失望呢?

  He said he’d come to help me;but he let me down.He never turned up.他本来说过要来帮我;可是他把我涮了。他根本就没有来。

  let in(tr)允许进入,放进来

  They let in the ticket-holders.(let the ticket-holders in/let them in)

  他们把持票人放进去了。

  If you mention my name to the door-keeper he will let you in.

  你要是对看门人提我的名字,他会放你进去的。

  let someone off(宾语在off之前)不予惩罚

  I thought that the magistrate was going to fine me but he let me off.

  我本以为法官会罚我,可是他放了我一马。

  let out(tr)

  (a)放宽(指衣服)

  That boy is getting fatter.You’ll have to let out his clothes.(let hisclothes out/let them out)

  那男孩子长胖了。你得把他的衣服放宽一些。

  (b)允许走开,放出

  He opened the door and let out the dog.(let the dog out/let it out)

  他开门把狗放出去了。

  live

  live down a bad reputation小心做人以使人忘记自己的不良声誉

  He has never quite been able to live down a reputation for drinking toomuch which he got when he was a young man.(live it down)

  他年轻时有酗酒的恶名,至今未能完全挽回声誉。

  live in(intr)住在工作的地方(主要用于仆人)

  Advertisement:Cook wanted.£140 a week.Live in.

  广告:招聘厨师。周薪140镑。供住宿。

  live on(tr)以……为主食

  It is said that for a certain period of his life Byron lived on vinegar andpotatoes in order to keep thin.

  据说拜仑曾有一段时期为了不发胖靠吃马铃薯和酸醋过日子。

  live up tp(tr)维持某种道德、经济或行为标准

  He had high ideals and tried to live up to them.

  他有崇高的理想,并力求身体力行。(他试图按照自己的理想而行动。)

  lock

  lock up a house(tr/intr;常为intr)把房子所有的门都锁上

  People usually lock up before they go to bed at night.

  人们夜晚就寝前一般都锁好门窗。

  lock up a person or thing 锁在……之内

  She locked up the papers in her desk.(locked the papers up/locked themup)

  她把文件锁在书桌抽屉里了。

  look

  look after(tr)照料

  Will you look after my parrot when I am away?

  我不在的时候,你能否替我照看一下我的鹦鹉?

  look ahead(intr)考虑未来以便为之做准备

  It’s time you looked ahead and made plans for your retirement.

  是你为以后想一想并对退休后的生活做出安排的时候了。

  look at(tr)看,望

  He looked at the clock and said,‘It is midnight.’

  他看了看钟,说:“午夜了。”

  look back(intr),look back on(tr)回顾

  Looking back,I don’t suppose we are any worse now than people were ahundred years ago.

  看一看过去,我不认为我们比100年前的人更坏。

  Perhaps some day it will be pleasant to look back on these things.

  可能将来有一天我们回顾这些事时会感到愉快的。

  look back/round(intr)向背后看(字面意义)

  Don’t look round now but the woman behind us is wearing the most ex-traordinary clothes.

  现在别回头看,虽然我们后面那个妇女穿的衣服特别怪。

  look down on(tr)轻视,看不起

  Small boys often look down on little girls and refuse to play with them.

  小男孩常常看不起小女孩并拒绝同她们一起玩。

  She thinks her neighbours look down on her a bit because she’s neverbeen abroad.

  她认为她的邻居们因她从来没有出过国而有点瞧不起她。

  look for(tr)搜寻,探索,找

  I have lost my watch will you help me to look for it?

  我把表丢了。你能不能帮我找一下?

  look forward to(tr)盼望,期待(常带一个动名词)

  I am looking forward to her arrival/to seeing her.

  我在期待着她的到来/看到她。

  look in(intr)短暂地拜访某人(常不预先告诉对方,相当于call in)

  I’ll look in this evening to see how she is.

  我今晚去探望她一下,看她身体如何。

  look into(tr)调查

  There is a mystery about his death and the police are looking into it.

  他死得有点蹊跷,警方正在进行调查。

  look on…as(tr)考虑为,认为,看成

  Most people look on a television set as an essential piece of furniture.

  多数人都把电视机看成是必不可少的家具。

  These children seem to look on their teachers as their enemies.

  这些孩子好像把老师视为敌人。

  look on(intr)旁观

  Two men were fighting.The rest were looking on.

  两个男人在打架。其余的人在袖手旁观。

  look on(tr), look out on(tr)(用于指房屋或窗户)面向,朝着……方向

  His house looks(out)on to the sea.

  他的房子面临大海。

  look out(intr)保持警惕,提防

  ‘Look out!There’s a lorry coming!’

  (对要过马路的人)“留神!有辆卡车开过来了!”

  look out for(tr)警惕地看着以等待某物出现(常是相当明显的事物)

  I am going to the party too,so look out for me.

  我也要去参加聚会,你留意着我好了。

  look over(tr)以批评的眼光看,重新阅读,迅速核对改正(同go over相似,但不如后者彻底)

  look over what you’ve written before handing it to the examiner.

  先把你写的看一遍,再交给考官。

  I’m going to look over a house that I’m thinking of buying.

  我打算去看一下我想买的一幢房子。

  look through(tr)察看若干东西,常为了挑选其中几个,翻阅报纸或书籍以寻找自己需要的内容

  Look through your old clothes and see if you have anything to give away.

  把你的旧衣服翻一下,看有没有可以送掉的。

  I’d like you to look through these photographs and try to pick out theman you saw.

  我希望你把这些相片翻看一下,试着从中找出你看见的那个人。

  He looked through the books and decided that he wouldn’t like them.

  他把书翻阅了一下,认定他不会喜欢它们的。

  look through someone 对某人看而又仿佛看不见的样子(作为一种故意的无礼表示)

  She has to be polite to me in the office but when we meet outside she al-ways looks through me.

  她在办公室里不得不对我有礼貌,可是在外面遇到我的时候总是对我视而不见。

  look up an address/a name/word/train/telehone number etc.

  在地址本/词典/时间表/电话簿等中查找

  If you don’t know the meaning of the word look it up.(look up the word/look the word up)

  你要是不知道这个词的意思,就查一下。

  I must look up the time of your train.

  我得查一下你坐的火车的时刻。

  look somebody up 拜访(被访者常是住得较远、不常见到的,

  因此与look in不同,后者暗示被访者住得很近)

  Any time you come to London do look me up.

  你无论什么时候到伦敦来,一定要来看我。

  I haven’t seen Tom for ages.I must find out where he lives and look himup.(look Tome up/look up Tom)

  我很久没见到汤姆了。我得探问一下他住在哪里,去看他一下。

  look up(intr) 有进步,变得更好(主语常是things情况/business市面/world affairs世界局势/the weather天气等一种不太确指的事)

  Business has been very bad lately but things are beginning to look upnow.

  近期市面有一阵子很不兴旺,可是情况在开始好转。

  look someone up and down 轻蔑地将某人从头打量到脚

  The policeman looked the drunk man up and down very deliberately be-fore replying to his question.

  警察非常有意地从头到脚打量了那醉汉,这才回答他的问题。

  look up to(tr) 尊敬,敬仰

  School boys usually look up to great athletes.

  男学生常很崇拜了不起的体育明星。

  make

  make for(tr)向……走去

  The escaped prisoner was making for the coast.

  越狱犯正向海岸逃去。

  make off(intr) 逃跑(指贼等)

  The boys made off when they saw the policemen.

  男孩子们一看见警察,就拔腿跑了。

  make out(tr)

  (a)弄清意义,清楚地理解、看见、听见等

  I can’t make out the dress,he has written it so badly.(make the ad-dress out/make it out)

  我看不清地址,他写得太潦草了。

  Can you hear what the man with the loud-hailer is saying?I can’t makeit out at all.

  你听得出那个拿着电喇叭的人在说什么吗?我一点也听不清楚。

  I can’t make out why he isn’t here yet.

  我搞不明白他为什么还没有到这儿来。

  (b)说(可能是瞎说,也可能是夸大其辞)

  He made out that he was a student looking for a job.We later learnt thatthis wasn’t true at all.

  他说他是个在找工作的大学生。后来我们获悉这根本不是事实。

  The English climate isn’t so bad as some people like to make out.

  英国的天气不像某些人喜欢说的那么糟。

  (c)开支票

  Customer:Who shall I make it out to?

  顾客:我支票抬头怎么写?

  Shopkeeper:Make it out to Jones and Company.

  店主:就写付给琼斯公司好了。

  make up one’s mind 下定决心,做出决定,做出决断

  In the end he made up his mind to go by train.

  最后他决定坐火车去。

  make up a quarrel/make it up 终止争吵,言归于好

  Isn’t it time you and Ann made up your quarrel?(made it up)

  不是到了你和安该言归于好的时候了吗?

  make up a story/excuse/explanation 捏造,编出一个故事/借口/解释

  I don’t believe your story at all.I think you are just making it up.

  我根本不信你说的事。我认为你不过是在编造。

  make up(tr/intr) 化妆,化装

  Most women make up/make up their faces.(make their faces up/makethem up)

  妇女大多数都化妆。

  Actors have to be made up before they appear on stage.

  演员们在出场前必需有人给他们化装。

  make up(tr) 调制,配药,制造,由……组成

  Take this prescription to the chemist’s.They will make it up for youthere.(make up the prescription/make the prescription up)

  把这药方拿到药房。他们会给你配药的。

  Notice(in tailor’s window):Customers’own materials made up.

  (裁缝店橱窗内的)告示:为顾客来料加工。

  The audience was made up of very young children.

  观众都是很小的孩子们。

  make up for(tr) 为……补偿(常以it为宾语)

  You’ll have to work very hard today to make up for the time you wastedyesterday/to make up for being late yesterday.

  为了补偿你们浪费的时间/为了补偿你们迟到一事,今天你们得非常努力地干活。

  We aren’t allowed to drink when we are in training but we intend tomake up for it after the race is over.

  我们在训练期间不许喝酒,但是我们准备一旦比赛结束就将其补上。

  (到那时要多喝些)

  miss

  miss out(tr) 省略(参见leave out;它虽与leave out同义,但不如后者常用)

  mix

  mix up(tr) 混淆,弄乱

  He mixed up the addresses so that no one got the right letters.(mixedthem up)

  他把地址都弄乱了,收信人收到的信件都错了。

  be/get mixed up with 涉入,与……有牵连(常指同某不光彩的人或事有牵连)

  I don’t want to get mixed up with any illegal organization.

  我不想同什么不合法的组织牵连在一起。

  move

  move in(intr) 搬家到……,搬进,迁入

  move on/up(intr) 升迁,升级

  Normally in schools pupils move up every year.

  在学校里学生正常情况下每年都升级。

  move out(intr) 搬出,迁出

  I have found a new flat.The present tenant is moving out this weekendand I am moving in on Wednesday.

  我找到新的套房了。目前的住户本周末搬出去,我下星期三搬进去。

  order

  order somebody about(宾语位于about前面)给某人下许多命令(而不管其是否方便或愿意),支使

  He is a retired admiral and still has the habit of ordering people about.

  他是个退休了的海军将军,还留着随意支使人的习惯。

  pay

  pay back(tr),pay someone back(tr/intr) 还给,付还

  I must pay back the money that I borrowed.(pay the money back/pay itback)

  我必须还清借的钱。

  I must pay back Mr Pitt.(pay Mr Pitt back/pay him back)

  我必须还皮特先生的钱。

  I must pay Mr Pitt back the money he lent me.(pay him back the mon-ey/pay it back to him)

  我必须还皮特先生借给我的钱。

  pay someone back/out 算账,复仇,报复

  I’ll pay you back for this.

  这件事我要跟你算账。(报复你给我造成的损失。)

  pay up(intr)付清所欠的钱(常暗示付款者并不乐意)

  Unless you pay up I shall tell my solicitor to write to you.

  除非你付清欠款,否则我要叫我的律师给你写信。

  pick

  pick out(tr) 选择,将……同其他的区别开来

  Here are six rings.Pick out the one you like best.(pick it out)这里有六枚戒指。选出你最喜欢的一枚。

  In an identity parade the witness has to try to pick out the criminal from

  a group of about eight men.(pick the criminal out/pick him out)

  在(警察局)辨认罪犯时,证人得试着从约八个人的一组中挑出罪犯来。

  I know that you are in this photograph but I can’t pick you out.

  我知道这张照片里有你,可是我认不出是哪一个。

  pick up(tr)

  (a)扶起,抱起,拾起某人或物(常是从地上或从椅上或桌上)

  He picked up the child and carried him into the house.(picked the childup)

  他抱起孩子并把他抱进了屋里了。

  She scatters toys all over the floor and I have to pick them up.

  她把玩具抛撒得到处都是,我得给拾起来。

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