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2019年成人高考专升本英语精选试题及答案(9)

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  Part I Listening Comprehension (20 points, 1 point each)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 7 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D) , and decide which is the best answer.

  1. A) To the bank. B) To a book store. C) To a shoe store. D) To the grocer’s.

  2. A) Near the train station. B) In the countryside. C) In the city. D) Near the workplace

  3. A) the choice of courses B) a day course C) an evening course D) their work

  4. A) The pear. B) The weather. C) The sea food. D) The cold.

  5. A) George’s wife. B) George’s father. C) George’s brother D) George’s wife’s father.

  6. A) She is pleased to lend him the car. B) She refuses to lend him the car.

  C) She agrees to lend him the car. D) She offers him the car.

  7. A ) Policeman and driver. B) Policeman and thief.

  C) Teacher and pupil. D) Director and actress.

  Questions 8 to 10 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  8. A) Books a room. B) Reserves a room.

  C) Confirms his reservation. D) Tells the receptionist he has reserved a room.

  9. A) On Tuesday. B) Probably on Thursday.

  C)Three days later. D) Probably seven days later.

  10. A) At 7. B) At 7:30. C) At 8. D) At 6:30.

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  11. A) A conductor and a conductress. B) A bus driver and a conductress.

  C) The organizer of the race and a participant. D) A reporter and a conductress.

  12. A) A day before the race. B) A day after the race.

  C) Right after the race. D) A few hours after the race.

  13. A) She won the first prize in the cycle race.

  B) She bought the beautiful racing bicycle by collecting money.

  C) She was taught to cycle when she was five.

  D) She was the first conductress who won a cycle race.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you’ll hear 2 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).

  Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. A) Courses in British history. B) Language courses.

  C) Courses in sports. D) Teacher training courses.

  15. A) To attract more students.

  B) To make the courses suitable for students of all levels.

  C) To let the students have a good rest.

  D) To make the summer school more like a holiday.

  16. A) Because they all work very hard.

  B) Because their teachers are all native speakers of English.

  C) Because they learn not only in but also out of class.

  D) Because they are all advanced students.

  Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  17. A) He was novelist. B) He was a playwright.

  C) He was a poet. D) He was an actor.

  18. A) To visit his friends. B) To visit his family.

  C) To attend the New York Film Festival.

  D) To help with the production of his play by an American TV company

  19. A) It was about an immigrant family from Pakistan to England.

  B) It was about cultural differences between Pakistan to England.

  C) It was about the struggle of a Pakistani youth in England.

  D) It was about the miserable life of the immigrants in England.

  20. A) He missed his plane. B) The taxi driver overslept.

  C) He heard a terrible accident reported over the radio.

  D) He would have been dead if he hadn’t overslept.

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure

  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A) , B ) , C ) and D ). Choose the answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through center.

  21. The improvements in technology have ______the prices of computer considerably in recent months.

  A) brought back B) brought down

  C) brought on D) brought up

  22. As the manager’s private secretary, Helen has easy ______ to all his correspondence.

  A) access B) approach C) accent D) response

  23. The editor asked his journalists not to _____ any details in their reports of the accident.

  A) leave for B) leave on C) leave off D) leave out

  24. The party had to be______because the host went down with a bad case of flu.

  A) called in B) called off C) called on D) called up

  25. Since his wife died, he has______ himself into the research work.

  A) devoted B ) dedicated C) thrown D) contributed

  26. He has spent all his life working with mentally______people.

  A) disabled B ) diverged C) naked D) abolished

  27. The road to the island only appears when the tide has______.

  A) sprinkled B) receded C ) tilted D) diminished

  28. Environmentalists are doing everything within their power to______the impact of the oil spill.

  A) reject B) belittle C) minimize D) reclaim

  29. I would always______buying a good quality car rather than a cheap one.

  A) appreciate B ) approve C) introduce D) recommend

  30. I didn’ t know anything about any of the books so my choice was quite______.

  A) arbitrary B ) obvious C) evident D) fortunate

  31. I followed her______but I still couldn’ t work out how to use the sewing machine.

  A) description B ) introduction C) instructions D) comments

  32. Employees are______to join the company’s pension plan after a year’s service.

  A) compelled B) acquired C) responded D) regarded

  33. She soon______the actor who had starred in the popular movie Speed.

  A) specified B) realized C) justified D) identified

  34. We collected hundreds of______in support of not allowing cars into the city centre.

  A) signatures B) awareness C) stationery D) statements

  35. The young man struggled to ______where he was at the time the murder took place.

  A) reflect B) respond C) resolve D) recall

  36. All the while he was terrified by the fear______he had cancer of the stomach.

  A) which B) that C) what D) such

  37. People found to their horror that two - thirds of the adult population in that area had ______AIDS.

  A) contacted B ) contrasted C ) contracted D) compacted

  38. Though faced with many difficulties, he would not______online learning.

  A) give up B ) get through C) get by D) give in

  39. As National Day is round the corner, Shanghai is______a festive atmosphere.

  A) looked on B ) involved in C ) bathed in D) surrounded with

  40. He is so kind and easy-going that the kids go______him in a big way.

  A) for B) to C) with D) off

  41. She seemed to be aware of the delicacy of the situation and she was taking great care not to say anything to______her companion.

  A) ignore B ) neglect C) charm D) embarrass

  42. The obvious unfairness of such poverty side by side with conspicuous affluence reminded them of their______parents back home.

  A) vulnerable B ) destructive C) critical D) sentimental

  43. Writing a letter or reading a book may appear to be ______activities in which individuals exercise personal skills.

  A) scarce B) sophisticated C) solitary D) sincere

  44. He took her hand and felt the scar on her thumb, ______of an accident with a kitchen knife in the early days of their marriage.

  A) mode B) premise C) signature D) legacy

  45. As each black creature______and flapped away into the graying sky, she watched it, tears in her eyes.

  A) fluttered B) featured C) fussed D) ferried

  46. The moment seemed to______out endlessly, his gaze travelling across her face, her neck, her shoulder, returning to her eyes.

  A) stretch B) expand C) skip D) slip

  47. Although the poem contains such pessimistic overtones and pathetic acceptance of fate, there is hope to be found in the last two lines which seem to be______from the rest.

  A) taken apart B ) set aside C ) set apart D) fallen apart

  48. His aim was to______pride in being black and to inspire black Americans to campaign for equal rights.

  A) respond B) restore C) restrain D) retreat

  49. A class is said rather vaguely to ______a group of persons sharing similar occupations and incomes, and as a consequence similar life-styles and beliefs.

  A) consist of B) contrast with C ) contribute in D) composed of

  50. The couple have tried hard to save their troubled marriage______their children.

  A) in contrast to B) rather than C) for the sake of D) regardless of

  Part III Reading Comprehension Section A

  Directions: There are 3 passages in this par. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. Choose the correct answer and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage One

  How much living space does a person need? What happens when his space requirements are not adequately met? Sociologists and psychologists are conducting experiments on rats to try to determine the effect of overcrowded conditions on man. Recent studies have shown that the behavior of rats is greatly affected by space. If rats have adequate living space, they eat well, sleep well, and reproduce well. However, if their living conditions become too crowded, their behavior patterns and even their health perceptibly change. They cannot sleep or eat well, and signs of fear and tension become obvious. The more crowded they are, the more they tend to bite each other and even kill each other. Thus for rats, population and violence are directly related. Is this a natural law for human society as well? Is adequate space not only desirable, but also essential for human survival?

  51. This passage is mainly about ______.

  A) living space and behavior

  B) population and living conditions

  C) interesting experiments on rats

  D) a natural law for human society

  52. What is the purpose of the experiments described in the passage?

  A) To determine how much living space a rat needs.

  B) To see what happens when rats live in a limited space.

  C) To know the likely effects of inadequate living space on human beings.

  D) To find out the relationship between population and living conditions.

  53. How would rats behave when their living conditions become too crowded?

  A) They eat a lot and become friendly to others.

  B) They sleep little and act quite peacefully.

  C) They eat little but sleep soundly.

  D) They become nervous and tend to be war-like.

  54. The passage suggests that overcrowded conditions ______.

  A) are directly related with population

  B) may cause an increase in violence

  C) may lead to high birth rate

  D) may bring about pollution problems

  Passage Two

  Many people hope that the whole world will one day speak a common language. Over the Years, people have made up new languages with this aim. At least six hundred languages have been developed in the search for a language which all human beings would be able to speak. The most famous one, Esperanto ( 世界语) , was the idea of Ludwig Zamenhof, a doctor in Warsaw. He published a book about his new language in 1887.

  To encourage people to learn the Language, he made it as simple as possible.

  Esperanto has never been accepted as an official world language, but it has been suggested as an auxiliary language. By 1950 it had been taught to one and a half million speakers, and it was spoken in six hundred schools. Today Esperanto is spoken by about eight million people, and more than one hundred newspapers and magazines in the language are published regularly throughout the world. Thousands of books have been written in Esperanto, including those translated from other languages.

  Today the need for a new auxiliary language like Esperanto seems less obvious. Throughout this century English has grown more and more important. It has become a second language for many millions of people. The fact that more are learning English shows that the use of English is still growing worldwide. No one would deny the usefulness of world language, but not many people think that Esperanto is likely to play such a role.

  55. Over the years, people have made up new languages in the hope that ______.

  A) all people will be able to speak a common language

  B) people will learn a foreign language better

  C) people can understand each other better

  D) people will be able to speak several languages

  56. Zamenhof made the language as simple as possible because ______.

  A) he wanted people to learn it quickly

  B) he hoped more and more people would be willing to learn it

  C) he wanted everyone to speak it without any difficulty

  D) he hoped it would be accepted as an official world language

  57. Which of the following is NOT true of English?

  A) It is widely taught in schools.

  B) It has become a second language for many millions of people.

  C) Many books have been written in English.

  D) It is less popular than Esperanto.

  58. What is the best title of the passage?

  A) The language made by one man.

  B) A talk about the world language.

  C) English as a second language for everyone.

  D) Esperanto—a better language than English.

  assage Three

  After the violent earthquake that shook Los Angeles in 1994, earthquake scientists had news to report: The damage and death toll could have been much worse.

  More than 60 people died in this earthquake. By comparison, an earthquake of similar intensity that shook America in 1988 claimed 25 ,000 victims.

  Injuries and deaths were relatively less in Los Angeles because the quake occurred at 4:31 a. m. on a holiday, when traffic was light on the city’s highways. In addition, changes made to the construction codes in Los Angeles during the last 20 years have strengthened the city ’ s buildings and highways, making them more resistant to quakes.

  Despite the good news, civil engineers aren’t resting on their successes. Pinned to their drawing boards are blueprints for improved quake - resistant buildings. The new designs should offer even greater security to cities where earthquakes often take place.

  In the past, making structures quake - resistant meant firm yet flexible materials, such as steel and wood, that bend without breaking. Later, people tried to lift a building off its foundation, and insert rubber and steel between the building and its foundation to reduce the impact of ground vibrations. The most recent designs give buildings brains as well as concrete and steel supports. Called smart buildings, the structures respond like living organisms to an earthquake’s vibrations. When the ground shakes and the building tips forward, the computer would force the building to shift in the opposite direction.

  The new smart structures could be very expensive to build. However, they would save many lives and would be less likely to be damaged during earthquakes.

  59. One reason why the loss of lives in the Los Angeles earthquake was comparatively low was that ______.

  A) new computers had been installed in the buildings

  B) it occurred in the residential areas rather than on the highways

  C) large numbers of Los Angeles residents had gone for a holiday

  D) improvements had been made in the construction of buildings and highways

  60. The function of the computer mentioned in the passage is to ______.

  A) counterbalance an earthquake’s action on the building

  B) predict the coming of an earthquake with accuracy

  C) help strengthen the foundation of the building

  D) measure the impact of an earthquake’ s vibrations

  61. It can be inferred from the passage that in minimizing the damage caused by earthquakes attention should be focused on ______.

  A) the increasing use of rubber and steel in capital construction

  B) the development of flexible building materials

  C) the reduction of the impact of ground vibrations

  D) early forecasts of earthquakes

  62. The main purpose of this passage is mostly to______.

  A) compare the consequences of the earthquakes that occurred in the U. S.

  B) encourage civil engineers to make extensive use of computers

  C) outline the history of the development of quake - resistant building materials

  D) report new developments in constructing quake - resistant building

  Section B

  Directions; Match the Chinese sentences in the left column with the English in the right column, mark the corresponding letter on the Answer with a single line through the centre.

63. 首先,他如此努力工作并非只为了钱,他一心为了教育青年人并设法激励他们在各方面取得进步。

A) The desire to keep the respect of a good name propelled me to become the first in our family to go to college.

64. 要保持好名声多赢得的那份尊重,这一渴求促使我成为全家第一个上大学的人。

B) Shielding children from the knowledge that they have failed is anything but beneficial to their development.

65. 我们必须唤醒人们认识到环境保护的重要性。否则,就为时太晚了。

C) We must waken people to the importance of environmental protection. Or it will be too late.

66.庇护孩子不让他们知道自己已经失败对于他们的成长是绝对无益的。

D) To start with, it is not only money that he works so hard. He is committed to educating the young and tries to motivate them to get ahead in life.

67.现在回想起来,他是故意不让我们知道,免得扫了大家的兴。

A)The only thing neighbor have in common to begin with is proximity, and unless something more develops, that isn’t reason enough to be best friends.

68.尽管他对拥有这份体面的工作心存感激,但是他并不真正认为具有写作天才的人一定能够教书。

B)As I look back, it's clear that he had deliberately kept all of that hidden from us to avoid spoiling our fun.

69.对于一个腼腆的人而言,他爱交际的慷慨精神尤其难能可贵。

C)Though grateful for gentle employment, he didn’t really see who had a gift for writing should necessarily be able to teach.

70. 一开始,邻居们唯一的公共点就是住得近,只有进一步发展关系,才有足够的理由成为最好的朋友。

D)For a shy man, his gregarious generosity of spirit was remarkable.

  Part IV Translation Section A

  Directions: Put the following sentences into Chinese. All of them are taken from the passages you have just read.

  71. Recent studies have shown that the behavior of rats is greatly affected by space.

  72. At least six hundred languages have been developed in the search for a language which all human beings would be able to speak.

  73. Throughout this century English has grown more and more important. It has become a second language for many millions of people.

  74. By comparison, an earthquake of similar intensity that shook America in 1988 claimed 25, 000 victims.

  75. The new designs should offer even greater security to cities where earthquakes often take place.

  Section B Directions: Put the following sentences into English.

  76. 我过去常常浪费很多时间玩游戏。

  77. 理论上说,你的计划听上去不错,但实际上行得通吗?

  78. 小女孩的歌声给老人带来了欢乐,帮住他忍受住种种生活的艰辛。

  79. 这个倔强的男孩不愿意听从父母的忠告。

  80. 只要你一辈子不停地努力工作,你在回忆往事时就会感到心满意足的。

  Part V Writing

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Online Games. You should write at least 1 20 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.

  1. 现在有一些大学生沉迷于网络游戏,家长和学校对此甚为担忧;

  2. 有人认为网络游戏并不是一无是处。

  3. 对此你的看法是….

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