首页考试吧网校万题库直播雄鹰网校团购书城模考论坛实用文档作文大全宝宝起名
2016中考
法律硕士
2016高考
MBA考试
2016考研
MPA考试
在职研
中科院
考研培训 自学考试 成人高考
四 六 级
GRE考试
攻硕英语
零起点日语
职称英语
口译笔译
申硕英语
零起点韩语
商务英语
日语等级
GMAT考试
公共英语
职称日语
新概念英语
专四专八
博思考试
零起点英语
托福考试
托业考试
零起点法语
雅思考试
成人英语三级
零起点德语
等级考试
华为认证
水平考试
Java认证
职称计算机 微软认证 思科认证 Oracle认证 Linux认证
公 务 员
导游考试
物 流 师
出版资格
单 证 员
报 关 员
外 销 员
价格鉴证
网络编辑
驾 驶 员
报检员
法律顾问
管理咨询
企业培训
社会工作者
银行从业
教师资格
营养师
保险从业
普 通 话
证券从业
跟 单 员
秘书资格
电子商务
期货考试
国际商务
心理咨询
营 销 师
司法考试
国际货运代理人
人力资源管理师
广告师职业水平
卫生资格 执业医师 执业药师 执业护士
会计从业资格
基金从业资格
统计从业资格
经济师
精算师
统计师
会计职称
法律顾问
ACCA考试
注册会计师
资产评估师
高级经济师
审计师考试
高级会计师
注册税务师
国际内审师
理财规划师
美国注册会计师
一级建造师
安全工程师
设备监理师
公路监理师
公路造价师
二级建造师
招标师考试
物业管理师
电气工程师
建筑师考试
造价工程师
注册测绘师
质量工程师
岩土工程师
注册给排水
造价员考试
注册计量师
环保工程师
化工工程师
暖通工程师
咨询工程师
结构工程师
城市规划师
材料员考试
消防工程师
监理工程师
房地产估价
土地估价师
安全评价师
房地产经纪人
投资项目管理师
环境影响评价师
土地登记代理人
宝宝起名
缤纷校园
实用文档
入党申请
英语学习
思想汇报
作文大全
工作总结
求职招聘 论文下载 直播课堂

现代大学英语精读第二册 Unit11

  Lesson Eleven

  Pre-class Work

  Read the text a third time. Learn the new words and expressions listed below.

  Glossary

  ambition

  n. a strong desire for success, power, riches, etc.

  band

  n. a group of musicians who play popular music together

  cashier

  v. to work as a clerk whose job is to receive and pay out money in a shop, bank, hotel, etc.

  clarity

  n. clearness

  conscience

  n. 良心

  contrast

  n. a difference between people, ideas or things

  dime

  n. a silver coin of the U. S., worth ten cents

  dismal

  adj. lacking hope or comfort, showing or causing sadness

  embrace

  n. the act of holding sb. close to you as a sign of love

  emerge

  v. to come out or appear from somewhere

  enhance

  v. to increase good qualities in sb. or sth.

  errand

  n. a short trip to do sth. for sb.

  expand

  v. to become larger

  fantasy

  n. imagination

  finery

  n. beautiful or expensive clothes and jewelry worn for special occasions

  freshman

  n. a first-year student at a high school or university

  frugally

  adv. carefully in the way of using money, buying only what is necessary

  giddy

  adj. feeling a little sick and unable to balance because everything seems to be moving

  grieve

  v. to feel extremely sad, esp. when sb. you love has died

  gypsy

  n. 吉卜赛人

  horn

  n. a musical instrument 号;管

  humble

  adj. having a low social class or position, not proud

  indulge

  v. to let yourself do or have what you want even if it is bad for you 放纵,纵容

  intolerable

  adj. too difficult, unpleasant, annoying, etc. for you to bear

  lavish

  adj. A ~ meal is a meal that is large and generous and costs a lot of money.

  license

  n. an official paper showing that permission has been given to do sth. 许可证

  lumpy

  adj. 疙瘩不平的

  marvel

  v. to feel great surprise and admiration for

  mattress

  n. 床垫

  miracle

  n. 奇迹

  miserly

  adj. a ~ person is a person who hates to spend money

  onrush

  n. a strong fast movement forward

  parlor

  n. a sitting room where people may receive guests (old-fashioned)

  quit

  v. to leave a job

  retire

  v. to stop working at the end of one's working life

  salon

  n. beauty ~ : a place where you can get your hair cut

  seek

  v. to look for or ask for

  second-rate

  adj. not very good

  sentimental

  adj. too easily affected by tender feelings such as love, sadness, etc.

  shabby

  adj. looking old and in bad condition

  skate

  n. 冰鞋

  v. to move on ice wearing ice-skates

  smartv. to hurt with stinging pain

  sorrow

  n. unhappiness, sadness or grief

  splendid

  adj. excellent

  spree

  n. a short period of time doing sth. you enjoy

  stomach

  n. an organ in the body where food is digested 胃

  suffer

  v. to tolerate or stand

  suitcase

  n. a case with flat sides used for carrying clothes when travelling

  threadbare

  adj. worn out; in bad condition

  top-heavy

  adj. not properly balanced because of too much weight at the top

  transform

  v. to completely change the appearance, form or character of sth. esp. in a way that improves it

  trapped

  adj. in a bad situation from which you can't escape

  urge

  v. to strongly advise sb. to do sth.

  vague

  adj. not clear

  wardrobe

  n. the clothes that sb. has

  wistfully

  adv. sadly and thoughtfully because you want sth. but cannot have it

  Proper Names

  Bess

  贝丝(女子名,Elizabeth 的爱称)

  Lottie

  洛蒂(女子名,charlotte 的别名)

  Text A

  The Richer, the Poorer

  Read the text once for the main idea. Do not refer to the notes, dictionaries or the glossary yet.

  Over the years Lottie had urged her sister Bess to prepare for her old age. Over the years Bess had lived each day as if there were no other. Now they were both past sixty. Lottie had a bank account that had never grown lean. Bess had the clothes on her back, and the rest of her worldly possessions in an old suitcase.

  Lottie had hated being a child, seeing her parents constantly worrying about money, Bess had never seemed to notice. All she ever wanted was to go outside and play. She learned to skated on borrowed skates. She rode a borrowed bicycle. Lottie couldn't wait to grow up and buy herself the best of everything.

  As soon as anyone would hire her, Lottie put herself to work. She looked after babies, she ran errands for the old.

  She never touched a penny of her money, though her child's mouth watered for ice cream and candy. When the dimes began to add up to dollars, she lost her taste for sweets.

  By the time she was twelve, she was clerking after school in a small variety store. Saturdays she worked as long as she was wanted. She decided to keep her money for clothes. When she entered high school, she would wear a wardrobe that no one else would be able to match.

  But her freshman year found her unable to indulge this fantasy, particularly when her admiring instructors advised her to think seriously of college. No one in her family had ever gone to college. She would show them all what she could do, if she put her mind to it.

  She began to bank her money, and her bankbook became her most precious possession.

  In her third year of high school, she found a job in a small but expanding restaurant, where she cashiered from the busy hour until closing. In her last year of high school, the business increased so rapidly that Lottie was faced with the choice of staying in school or working full time.

  She made her choice easily. A job in hand was worth two in the future.

  Bess had a boy-friend in the school band, who had no other ambition except to play a horn. Lottie expected to be settled with a home and family while Bess was still waiting for Harry to earn enough to buy a marriage license.

  That Bess married Harry straight out of high school was not surprising. That Lottie never married at all was not really surprising either. Two or three times she was halfway persuaded, but to give up a job that paid well for a homemaking job that paid nothing was a risk she was incapable of taking.

  Bess's married life was nothing for Lottie to envy. She and Harry lived like gypsies, with Harry playing in second-rate bands all over the country, even getting himself and Bess stranded in Europe. They were often in rags and never in riches.

  Bess grieved because she had no child, not having sense enough to know she was better off without them. Very likely she would have dumped them on Lottie's doorstep.

  That Lottie had a doorstep was only because her boss, having bought a second house, offered Lottie his first house at a price so low and terms so reasonable that it would have been like losing money to refuse.

  She shut off the rooms she didn't use, letting them go to ruin. Since she ate her meals out, she had no food at home, and did not encourage callers, who always expected a cup of tea.

  Her way of life was mean and miserly, but she did not know it. She thought she lived frugally in her middle years so that she could live in comfort when she most needed peace of mind.

  The years, after forty, began to race. Suddenly Lottie was sixty, and made to retire by her boss's son, who had no sentimental feeling about keeping her on until she was ready to quit.

  She made several attempts to find other employment, but nobody would hire her. For the first time in her life Lottie would gladly have worked for nothing, to have some place to go, something to do with her day.

  Harry died abroad, in a third-rate hotel, with Bess weeping as hard as if he had left her a fortune. He had left nothing but his horn. There wasn't even money for her passage home.

  Lottie, trapped by the blood tie, knew she would have to send Bess money to bring her home.

  It took Lottie a week to get a bedroom ready, a week of hard work and hard cash. There was everything to do, everything to replace or paint. When she was through the room looked so fresh and new that Lottie felt she deserved it more than Bess.

  She would let Bess have her room, but the mattress was so lumpy, the carpet so worn, the curtains so threadbare that Lottie's conscience bothered her. She knew she would have to redo that room, too, and went about doing it eagerly.

  When she was through upstairs, she was shocked to see how dismal downstairs looked by comparison. She tried to ignore it, but with nowhere to go to escape it, the contrast grew more intolerable.

  She worked her way from kitchen to parlor, persuading herself she was only improving the rooms to give herself something to do. At night she slept like a child after a long and happy day of playing house. She was having more fun than she had ever had in her life. She was living each hour for itself.

  There was only a day now before Bess would arrive. Passing her gleaming mirrors, at first with vague awareness, then with painful clarity, Lottie saw herself as others saw her, and could not stand the sight.

  She went on a spending spree from the specialty shops to beauty salon, emerging transformed into a woman who believed in miracles.

  She was in the kitchen cooking a turkey when Bess rang the bell. Her heart raced, and she wondered if the heat from the oven was responsible.

  She went to the door, and Bess stood before her. Stiffly she suffered Bess's embrace, her heart racing harder, her eyes suddenly smarting from the onrush of cold air.

  "Oh, Lottie, it's good to see you," Bess said, but saying nothing about Lottie's splendid appearance. Upstairs Bess, putting down her shabby suitcase, said, "I'll sleep like a rock tonight," without a word of praise for her lovely room. At the lavish table, top-heavy with turkey, Bess said, "I'll take light and dark both," with no marveling at the size of the bird, or that there was turkey for two elderly women, one of them too poor to buy her own bread.

  With the glow of good food in her stomach, Bess began to tell stories. They were rich with places and people, most of them lowly, all of them magnificent. Her face reflected the joys and sorrows of her remembering, and above all, the love she lived by that enhanced the poorest place, the humblest person.

  Then it was that Lottie knew why Bess had made no mention of her finery, or the shining room, or the twelve-pound turkey. She had not even seen them. Tomorrow she would see the room as it really looked, and Lottie as she really looked, and the warmed-over turkey in its second-day glory. Tonight she saw only what she had come seeking, a place in her sister's home and heart.

  She said, "That's enough about me. How have the years used you?"

  "It was me who didn't use them," said Lottie with regret. "I saved for them. I forgot the best of them would go without my ever spending a day or a dollar enjoying them. That's my life story, a life never lived. Now it's too near the end to try."

  Bess said, "To know how much there is to know is the beginning of learning to live. Don't count the years that are left us. At our time of life it's the days that count. You've too much catching up to do to waste a minute of a waking hour feeling sorry for yourself." Lottie grinned, a real wide open grin, "Well, to tell the truth I felt sorry for you. Maybe if I had any sense I'd feel sorry for myself, after all. I know I'm too old to kick up my heels, but I'm going to let you show me how. If I land on my head, I guess it won't matter. I feel giddy already, and I like it."

  推荐:幽默英文短句

     英文爱情格言

     金庸小说中招式的外国翻译

文章责编:yangzhili1106  
看了本文的网友还看了
文章搜索
贴图排行
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
英语学习栏目导航
版权声明:如果英语学习网所转载内容不慎侵犯了您的权益,请与我们联系800@exam8.com,我们将会及时处理。如转载本英语学习网内容,请注明出处。