首页考试吧网校万题库直播雄鹰网校团购书城模考论坛实用文档作文大全宝宝起名
2016中考
法律硕士
2016高考
MBA考试
2016考研
MPA考试
在职研
中科院
考研培训 自学考试 成人高考
四 六 级
GRE考试
攻硕英语
零起点日语
职称英语
口译笔译
申硕英语
零起点韩语
商务英语
日语等级
GMAT考试
公共英语
职称日语
新概念英语
专四专八
博思考试
零起点英语
托福考试
托业考试
零起点法语
雅思考试
成人英语三级
零起点德语
等级考试
华为认证
水平考试
Java认证
职称计算机 微软认证 思科认证 Oracle认证 Linux认证
公 务 员
导游考试
物 流 师
出版资格
单 证 员
报 关 员
外 销 员
价格鉴证
网络编辑
驾 驶 员
报检员
法律顾问
管理咨询
企业培训
社会工作者
银行从业
教师资格
营养师
保险从业
普 通 话
证券从业
跟 单 员
秘书资格
电子商务
期货考试
国际商务
心理咨询
营 销 师
司法考试
国际货运代理人
人力资源管理师
广告师职业水平
卫生资格 执业医师 执业药师 执业护士
会计从业资格
基金从业资格
统计从业资格
经济师
精算师
统计师
会计职称
法律顾问
ACCA考试
注册会计师
资产评估师
高级经济师
审计师考试
高级会计师
注册税务师
国际内审师
理财规划师
美国注册会计师
一级建造师
安全工程师
设备监理师
公路监理师
公路造价师
二级建造师
招标师考试
物业管理师
电气工程师
建筑师考试
造价工程师
注册测绘师
质量工程师
岩土工程师
注册给排水
造价员考试
注册计量师
环保工程师
化工工程师
暖通工程师
咨询工程师
结构工程师
城市规划师
材料员考试
消防工程师
监理工程师
房地产估价
土地估价师
安全评价师
房地产经纪人
投资项目管理师
环境影响评价师
土地登记代理人
宝宝起名
缤纷校园
实用文档
入党申请
英语学习
思想汇报
作文大全
工作总结
求职招聘 论文下载 直播课堂
您现在的位置: 考试吧 > 英语听力 > 大学英语听力 > 成人高等教育英语教材 > 正文

成人高等教育英语教材第四册 Unit9:Welcoming

  UNIT 9 Welcoming

  Integrated Skills Development

  Passage Culture Shock

  When a person moves from one culture to another, he suddenly finds that much of what he has learned about interpreting the actions of people around him is suddenly irrelevant. He finds that the strategies he has used to influence people or events in certain ways are no longer effective, and the assumptions that guided his understandings and reactions are no longer reliable. Even distinguishing between the significant and the insignificant in a given situation becomes difficult, if not impossible.

  This sudden psychological transition from competent adult to ineffective child inevitably results in the serious impact of the individual's feelings of self-worth. He experiences feelings of frustration and helplessness. In short, he experiences culture shock.

  Culture shock is the result of the removal of the familiar. Suddenly the individual is faced with the necessity of working, commuting, studying, eating, shopping, relaxing, even sleeping, in an unfamiliar environment organized according to unknown rules. In mild form, culture shock shows itself in symptoms of fatigue, irritability and impatience. Being unable to interpret the situations in which they find themselves, people often believe they are being deliberately deceived or exploited by host-country nationals. They tend to perceive rudeness where none is intended. Their efficiency and flexibility is often impaired and both work and family suffer. Some people may respond by developing negative stereotypes of the host culture, by refusing to learn the language and by mixing exclusively with people of their own cultural background. In extreme cases, rejection may be so complete that the individual returns immediately to their own culture, regardless of the cost in social, economic or personal terms. Alternatively, people may retreat into their own private world, either mentally or physically.

  Physical symptoms of culture shock may include headaches, stomachaches, constant fatigue, difficulty in sleeping and a general feeling of uneasiness. Unfortunately, many doctors are unfamiliar with culture shock and attempt to treat the symptoms rather than the cause.

  The important thing to recognize about culture shock is that it is universal. It is experienced to a greater or lesser degree by all those who move from one culture to another. Experiencing culture shock does not mean that an individual is inflexible or unadaptable. It does mean that recognition of its inevitability can lead to the development of steps to reduce its impact.

  New Words and Expressions

  alternatively

  ad. 或者

  assumption

  n. 假定,设想;担任

  commute

  V. 乘车上下班

  constant

  a. 持续的,不变的

  deceive

  V. 欺骗,行骗

  deliberately

  ad. 故意地

  exclusively

  ad. 专有地,排外地

  exploit

  V. 利用;剥削;开发

  fatigue

  n. 疲乏,疲劳

  flexibility

  n. 适应性,弹性

  frustration

  n. 挫折

  impact

  n. 影响;冲击;效果

  impair

  V. 削弱

  inevitably

  ad. 不可避免

  insignificant

  a. 无意义的,无关紧要的

1 2 3 下一页

  推荐:爆笑英文:能让老师吐血的迟到理由

     爆笑英文:迟到的原因

     漫画英语:考试之前老师和学生的对白

文章搜索
贴图排行
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
英语学习栏目导航
版权声明:如果英语学习网所转载内容不慎侵犯了您的权益,请与我们联系800@exam8.com,我们将会及时处理。如转载本英语学习网内容,请注明出处。