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骆家辉在创新与知识产权国际论坛演讲全文

    Delivery by U.S. Commerce Secretary Gary Locke for Pearl River Delta Internation

    Gary Locke

    Good morning.

    Thank you Ambassador Huntsman.

    This year marks the 60th Anniversary of the People’s Republic of China.

    In the last few decades, hundreds of millions of Chinese have joined the global middle class as China has become a destination for capital, for ideas and for innovation.

    And one of the best illustrations of this transformation is China's burgeoning trade relationship with the United States.

    We are one another's second-biggest trading partners. In the past 20 years, U.S. exports to China have increased by a factor of 12; while U.S. imports from China have increased almost 30-fold.

    The pace of change right here in Guangdong Province is a most striking illustration of this.

    Thirty years ago, Vice-Premier Deng Xiaoping chose a small fishing village not far from here as China’s first Special Economic Zone.

    Today, that village makes up Shenzhen, which boasts a population of 14 million people and is one of China’s most dynamic cities.

    The Pearl River Delta is now a thriving example of market principles at work.

    There are more than 100,000 factories that make every type of product imaginable – from iPhones and flat screen TVs to cell phones and high fashion apparel.

    But we also know that the Chinese economy is increasingly moving up the global economic value chain, where growth is created not just by the power of a country’s industrial might, but also by the power of their ideas and their inventions.

    The next critical step is for China to develop more homegrown entrepreneurs that sell high-value and high-tech products here in China and around the world.

    If China, and in particular Guangdong Province, is going to make this transition, it will have to create a system of laws and a regulatory infrastructure that rewards and protects those who take risks to develop new innovations.

    And a cornerstone of that effort must be a rigorously enforced intellectual property regime.

    If innovators fear that their inventions or ideas will be stolen, then one of two things will happen – they’ll either stop inventing, or they’ll decide to create their inventions elsewhere.

    Here in Guangdong Province, this issue is particularly relevant. Last year, firms based in Guangdong Province obtained more patents than firms based in any other single Chinese province.

    Guangdong Province has the potential to be China’s epicenter of innovation. And the stronger intellectual property laws and enforcement are, the greater the incentive for domestic and foreign innovators to create their products right here.

    In the past few years, China has taken several steps to protect the IP of American and other foreign companies operating within its borders.

    For example:

    ·The Guangdong Intellectual Property Office settled 198 of the 199 patent-related complaints it received.

    ·There were nearly 2,500 trademark infringement cases of overseas rights holders in China last year, a 35 percent increase over 2007.

    But despite these steps, American companies in fields as diverse as technology, entertainment and pharmaceuticals still lose billions every year in China from intellectual property theft.

    In short, much more needs to be done.

    Strongly worded IP laws are only as valuable as the civil and criminal penalties people face for breaking them – and China’s enforcement of IP laws is often uneven.

    For example, the U.S. government has received reports of occasional aggressive intellectual property law enforcement in Shenzhen, while receiving consistent reports of very lax enforcement elsewhere, including, unfortunately, right here in Guangdong.

    For this reason, the U.S. Department of Commerce as well as other arms of our government seeks to expand our work with our Chinese counterparts on enforcement efforts.

    The United States and China have already taken a series of steps to ramp up awareness and promotion of intellectual property protection.

    ·In the past 12 months, the United States Patent and Trademark Office signed three Memorandums of Understanding with its Chinese counterparts to enhance cooperation on intellectual property issues.

    ·Last December, PTO officials stationed in Guangzhou participated with China Customs officials from Guangdong Province in a training program on how to identify counterfeit goods.

    ·And in April, PTO Guangzhou and the State Intellectual Property Office jointly organized a program on patent filing and enforcement in Shenzhen.

    Our outreach not only includes the Chinese government but the academic and private sectors as well.

    The PTO has forged ties with universities whose professors and students are vital to changing attitudes about condoning the purchase and use of counterfeit and pirated products.

    And we would like to see a firm directive from the Central Government to state-run libraries and academic institutions to dissuade these libraries from facilitating illegal reproduction and distribution of electronic journals through the Internet.

    In a few hours, I’m going to speak with students and faculty at Jinan University.

    Like their American counterparts, many students at Jinan University don’t realize how soon they’re going to be out in the workforce as employees or as entrepreneurs.

    And a few years from now, they too will count on a system that rewards those who create products and services that help citizens around the world lead healthier, wealthier and more productive lives.

    I know that building an effective patent and trademark system is not easy -- because over 200 years after its founding, the United States is still working to perfect its own.

    Only a few years after the American Revolution, our third president Thomas Jefferson helped create the U.S. patent office because he understood two fundamental truths. He knew:

    ·That long term economic growth was dependent on a continuous flow of new technologies and new ideas entering the marketplace;

    ·But he also knew that without a promise of ownership protection for these ideas, innovators would never be willing to take risks to improve upon the status quo.

    Although the United States continues efforts to reform our own patent system to reflect the rapid changes in the global economy, the necessity of having robust patent and trademark protections is not a matter of serious debate.

    And I hope this sentiment will start to take deeper root in China.

    Because at stake is not just the fate of our future economic growth -- but possibly the fate of our planet.

    This summer, I came to China with U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu, to explore avenues for clean energy cooperation. While here, I said that the prospect of climate change presented both a great challenge and a great opportunity.

    The challenge of course, is that if nations around the world don't start using less fossil fuels, we’ll all suffer from the environmental damage that the world's top scientists believe is undoubtedly in store.

    But if we can somehow avoid this fate with new technological solutions to use energy more cleanly and efficiently, we will have discovered one of the greatest avenues for economic growth of the 21st century.

    Seizing this opportunity will surely require robust government action, and I want to commend the Chinese government for its foresight in this area.

    China has already adopted the most aggressive energy efficiency program in the entire world, and it is on track to exceed many of its renewable energy adoption goals.

    But meeting a challenge as big as climate change will require more than just enlightened public policy.

    It will also require a wave of private sector innovation every bit as immense as those that accompanied the industrial revolution and the onset of the computer and Internet age.

    In today's global economy -- where ideas are just as likely to be discovered in San Francisco as Shanghai – we need to do everything we can to incentivize and empower the brightest minds we have to solve climate change

    And that means we need to create the right protections for ideas.

    When Bill Gates quit college to begin his path towards starting Microsoft, he had no guarantee of success.

    But he kept moving forward, because he hoped that someday, all his hard work just might result in the creation of something special that he could call his own.

    And because Bill Gates received IP protection for his ideas, millions of people around the world have benefited.

    So

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