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您现在的位置: 考试吧 > 英语学习方法 > 正文

学习方法:克服对当众演讲产生恐惧的七种方法

来源:百度 2009-11-02 14:15:43 考试吧:中国教育培训第一门户 英语学习
If you hate public speaking, you’re not alone. In surveys of the top phobias, the fear of public speaking (glossophobia) ranks number one worldwide – ahead of the fear of spiders, heights, flying and even death. In fact, three out of every four individuals suffer from speech anxiety.

  If you hate public speaking, you’re not alone. In surveys of the top phobias, the fear of public speaking (glossophobia) ranks number one worldwide – ahead of the fear of spiders, heights, flying and even death. In fact, three out of every four individuals suffer from speech anxiety.

  The good news is, public speaking is a skill that can be learned and mastered. We’ve compiled some best practices and proven strategies that will help you fight presentation anxiety the next time you have to speak before an audience.

  Accept and tame your fear

  接受必须要演讲的现实,并且消除内心的恐惧

  Start by accepting that you get nervous every time you have to speak in public; it is nothing to be embarrassed about. Now confront your fear by making an effort to do something about it. The worst thing you can do is avoid public speaking altogether. This could have an adverse effect on your career and intensify the fear.

  Get rid of perfection

  不要过于追求完美

  Stop pressuring yourself to deliver a perfect speech. After all, it is just a talk, not a matter of life and death. And if you stumble a bit, you’re not going to lose your job. Accept that mistakes will happen. When they do, try to regain your composure quickly and move past it. Chances are, no one will even notice.

  Know your material

  对演示的材料做到心中有数

  You will only feel really confident if you truly know your subject matter. Most likely, you are already an expert on the topic you are speaking about. So capitalise on the fact that you have valuable knowledge to share. If you are not familiar with the topic, do your research and prepare until you feel confident that you can handle any questions that might come up. Get excited about the subject. If the subject matter is boring, inject an anecdote or quotation or a human interest element.

  Practice. Practice. Practice.

  练习,练习,再练习

  Nobody is a born pianist. One must learn how to play the piano and practise countless hours in order to do it gracefully and effortlessly at a recital. Likewise, good speakers aren’t born, they’re made. So the next time you give a talk, give yourself plenty of time to prepare, organise the material, practise delivering it and polish it before you face the audience. Remember, the more often you give a speech, the better you’ll get.

  Focus on your audience

  把注意力集中到听众身上

  Instead of putting the focus on yourself and worrying about what other people think of you, turn the focus onto your audience. Smile, make eye contact. Encourage interaction by drawing them into your presentation and asking leading questions. Not only does this make you a more dynamic and engaging speaker, it also helps take the pressure and eyes off you.

  Picture success

  头脑中设想成功场景

  Stop visualising a disastrous performance. You’ll only make yourself more nervous, and your brain will automatically associate public speaking with negative emotions. Instead, replace these negative images with images of success. Picture yourself standing confidently in front of a crowd and delivering a great speech. Doing this will turn negative associations into positive ones and help to programme your brain and your body for success.

  Look and feel your best

  把状态调整到最好

  If you go into your talk feeling and looking good, it will help you feel more relaxed and confident when you face your audience. Try to get enough sleep the night before so you are as well rested as possible. Don’t eat too much right before your talk. Wear a favourite outfit, something flattering that you feel comfortable and confident in.

  If you want to practise speaking in public but without the pressure of speaking in professional situations, consider joining a local Toastmasters International chapter. This non-profit public speaking and leadership organisation helps you practise speaking in a supportive environment with constructive feedback from your peers.

 

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文章责编:guofengru  
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