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2014职称英语教材综合类新增文章补全短文第4篇

2014职称英语教材综合类新增文章补全短文第4篇:The First Four Minutes

点击查看:2014年职称英语教材新增文章汇总热点文章

  第四篇 The First Four Minutes

  When do people decide whether or not they want to become friends? During their first four minutes together, according to a book by Dr. Leonard Zunin. In his book, “Contact: The First Four minutes’’, he offers this advice to anyone interested in starting new friendships: “____(1)____ A lot of people’s whole lives would change if they did just that.”

  You may have noticed that the average person does not give his undivided attention to someone he has just met. ____(2)____ If anyone has ever done this to you, you probably did not like him very much.

  When we are introduced to new people, the author suggests, we should try to appear friendly and self-confident. In general, he says, “People like people who like themselves1.”

  On the other hand, we should not make the other person think we are too sure of ourselves. It is important to appear interested and sympathetic, realizing that the other person has his own needs, fears, and hopes.

  Hearing such advice, one might say, “But I’m not a friendly, sell-confident person. That’s not my nature. It would be dishonest for me to act that way. ”

  ____(3)____ We can become accustomed to any changes we choose to make in our personality. “It is like getting used to a new car. It may be unfamiliar at first, but it goes much better than the old one.”

  But isn’t it dishonest to give the appearance of friendly self-confidence when we don't actually feel that way? Perhaps, but according to Dr. Zunin, “total honesty”is not always good for social relationships2, especially during the first few minutes of contact. There is a lime for everything, and a certain amount of play-acting may be best for the first few minutes of contact with a stranger3. That is not the time to complain about one's health or to mention faults one finds in other people. It is not the time to tell the whole truth about one's opinions and impressions.

  ____(4)____ For a husband and wife or a parent and child, problems often arise during their first four minutes together after they have been apart. Dr. Zunin suggests that these first few minutes together be treated with care. If there are unpleasant matters to be discussed, they should be dealt with later.

  The author says that interpersonal relations should be taught as a required course1 in every school, along with reading, writing, and mathematics. ____(5)____ That is at least as important as how much we know.

  词汇:

  undivided / ˌʌndɪˈvaɪdɪd / adj.不分散的,专一的

  personality / ˌpə:səˈnæliti /n.个性,人格

  accustomed / əˈkʌstəmd / adj.惯常的

  注释:

  1.People like people who like themselves.:人们喜欢那些有自信心的人。这里的who like themselves不作“喜欢自己”解,根据上下文,可以解释为“有自信的人”。

  2.“total honesty”is not always good for social relationships:在社会关系上“绝对的诚实”并非总是好的。

  3.... a certain amount of play-acting may be best for the first few minutes of contact with a stranger.:……在和陌生人接触的头几分钟,适当演一点儿戏是最合适不过的了。

  4.apply to:适用于

  5.required course :必修课

  练习:

  A.In reply, Dr. Zunin would claim that a little practice can help us feel comfortable about changing our social habits.

  B.Much of what has been said about strangers also applies to4 relationships with family members and friends.

  C.In his opinion, success in life depends mainly on how we get along with other people.

  D.Every time you meet someone in a social situation, give him your undivided attention for four minutes.

  E.He keeps looking over the other person’s shoulder, as if hoping to find someone more interesting in another part of the room.

  F.He is eager to make friends with everyone.

  答案与题解:

  1.D木文主要讲与人初次见而最初四分钟对下人际交往的重要性。文章开头以自问自答的形式提出主题,然后说Leonard Zunin博士在书中向任何想交新朋友的人提出一条建议。什么建议呢?比较一下只有把D放在这里最合适,因为人们常用祈使句向别人提建议,D是一个祈使句,它的意思是:“每次你在社交场合遇到什么人时,全神贯注地注意他四分钟。”和上下文总思连贯。

  2.E承接上一段。作者在本段第一句话告诉我们有人并不按他建议的那样做。那么这些人怎么做呢?E说:“他不停地往其他人身后看,好像要在屋里其他地方找到更有趣的人似的。”显然此处选E最合适。

  3.A文章第二、第四段建议当被引见给陌生人吋,态度应当友好而自信,还应掌握好分寸。对此有人会说友好和自信非我本性,如果硬要装出如此态度就是不诚实。这是一种反驳意见,我们期待作者的冋答。A说:作为回答,Zunin博士说只要我们稍加练习就可以帮助我们改变社交习惯。”下文是对此的进一步解释。

  4.B到此为止,作者主耍谈与陌生人相处要注意最初四分钟。从其他句子来看,本段谈的是家庭成员之间在交往中也应注意在一起的最初四分钟,那么选项B是最合适的了。

  5.C本段强调人际关系的重要性,C说:“在他看来,成功主要依赖于如何与他人友好相处。” 这句话的意思符合本段主题,后一句的主语this指的就是与人友好相处这件事。

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