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2018年6月大学英语四级阅读练习题及答案(1)

来源:考试吧 2018-06-15 11:20:00 要考试,上考试吧! 英语四六级万题库
考试吧整理“2018年6月大学英语四级阅读练习题及答案”,更多英语四级模拟试题,请访问考试吧英语四六级考试网或微信搜索“万题库英语四六级考试”。

  点击查看:2018年6月英语四级阅读练习题汇总

  Like a needle climbing up a bathroom scale, the number keeps rising. In 1991, 15% of Americans were obese(肥胖的); by 1999, that proportion had grown to 27%. Youngsters, who should have age and activity on their side, are growing larger as well: 19% of Americans under 17 are obese. Waistbands have been popping in other western countries too, as physical activity has declined and diets have expanded. By and large, people in the rich world seem to have lost the fight against flab(松弛).

  Meanwhile, poorer nations have enjoyed some success in their battles against malnutrition and famine. But, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, it is more a case of being out of the frying pan and into the fire. The most striking example actually in the poor world comes from the Pacific islands, home of the world’s most obese communities. In 1966, 14% of the men on this island were obese while 100% of men under the age of 30 in 1996 were obese.

  This increase in weight has been uneven as well as fast. As a result, undernourished and over-nourished people frequently live cheek by jowl(面颊). The mix can even occur within a single household. A study of families in Indonesia found that nearly 10% contained both the hungry and the fat. This is a mysterious phenomenon, but might have something to do with people of different ages being given different amounts of food to eat.

  The prospect of heading off these problems is bleak. In many affected countries there are cultural factorsto contend with, such as an emphasis on eating large meals together, or on food as a form. of hospitality.Moreover, there is a good measure of disbelief on the part of policymakers that such a problem Could existin their countries. Add to that reluctance on the part of governments to spend resources on promoting dietand exercise while starvation is still a real threat, and the result is a recipe for inaction. Unless something is done soon, it might not be possible to turn the clock back.

  英语四级阅读模拟试题:

  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1.The first sentence of the passage most probably implies that ______.

  A.many Americans are obsessed with the rising temperature in their bathroom

  B.more people are overweighed in the United States

  C.people are doing more physical exercises with the help of scales

  D.youngsters become taller and healthier thanks to more activities

  2.As physical exercise declines and diet expands, ______.

  A.other western countries has been defeated by fat

  B.obesity has become an epidemic(流行病)of the rich world

  C.waistbands begin to be popular in other western countries

  D.western countries can no longer fight against obesity

  3.Which is NOT the point of the example of the Pacific Islands?

  A.The poor community has shaken off poverty and people are well-fed now.

  B.Obesity is becoming a problem in the developing world too.

  C.Excessive weight increase will cause no less harm than the food shortage.

  D.The problem of overweight emerges very fast.

  4.Of tackling obesity in the poor world, we can learn from the passage that____

  A.the matter is so complex as to go beyond our capacity

  B.no matter what we do, the prospect will always be bleak

  C.it is starvation, the real threat, that needs to be solved

  D.we should take immediate actions before it becomes incurable

  5.What is the main idea of this passage?

  A.Obesity is now a global problem that needs tackling.

  B.The weights increase fast throughout the whole world.

  C.Obesity and starvation are two main problems in the poor world.

  D.Obesity has shifted from the rich world to the poor world.

  英语四级阅读参考答案

  1.[B] 推理判断题。根据第1段第2句可推断第1句中的the number是指体重增加的人数,故答案为B。

  2.[B] 推理判断题。本题需要正确理解借代修饰手法。Waistbands have been popping形象刻画出其他西方社会急剧肥胖化的过程,故答案为B。本题很明显是考查因果关系的,第1段倒数第2句明确指出这个因果关系,只要根据该句做出选择就可以了。如果看得过远,反而有可能误选A或D。

  3.[A] 事实细节题。此处的例子是证明前一句话的,即But后面的内容。同时,两个年份的比较也突出问题发展的迅猛,从而印证下一段的主题句“This increase in weight has been uneven as well as fast.”说明了贫穷与肥胖是并存的。例子一般是用来证明紧挨着的前面或后面的论述,此处证明的观点在之前,其中的重点应该是But后面的内容,所以选项A与文中意思不符。注意本题要选的是NOT the point of the example。

  4.[D] 观点态度题。文章最后一句扭转了整段的基调。作者呼吁解决这一问题,前文正是为此作铺垫,突出问题的复杂性和时间的紧迫性。

  5.[A] 主旨大意题。本文话题为obesity,作者从美国谈到所有西方国家,最后重点讨论其在发展中国家的最新发展趋势以及种种可能的成因,并强调应当尽早解决问题,故选项A正确。肥胖问题的阵营没有转移,只是扩大了,故选项D不对。选项B只是片面信息,没有包括最后一段关于如何解决肥胖问题的内容。选项C中的starvation并非本文讨论的主要话题。

  It happens to every medical student sooner or later. You get a cough that persists for a while. Ordinarily,you would just ignore it--but now, armed with your rapidly growing medical knowledge, you can’t help worrying. The cough could mean just a cold, but it could also be a sign of lung cancer.

  For doctors in training, nurses and medical journalists, hypochondria is an occupational danger. The feeling usually passes after a while, leaving only a funny story to tell at a dinner party. But for the tens ofthousands who suffer from true hypochondria they live in constant terror that they are dying of some awfuldisease, or even several awful diseases at once. Doctors can assure them that there’s nothing wrong, but since the cough is real, the assurances fall on deaf ears. And because no physician or test can offer a 100% guarantee that one doesn’t have cancer, a hypochondriac always has fuel to feed Iris .or her worst fears.

  Hypochondriacs don’t harm just themselves; they block the whole healthcare system. Although they account for only about 6% of the patients who visit doctors every year, they tend to burden their physicians with frequent visits that take up excessive amounts of time. And the problem may be worse, thanks to the popularity of medical information on the Internet. They go on the Web and learn about new diseases and new presentations of old diseases that they never even knew about before. Doctors have taken to calling this phenomenon cyberchondria (网络疑病症).

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