Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a third voice will ask a question about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.
Example: You will hear:
You will read:
A) At the office. B) In the waiting room.
C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant.
From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they have to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore A“At the office” is the best answer. You should choose answer A on the Answer Sheet and blacken it with a pencil.
Sample Answer ［A］[KG-1*5]—［B］［C］［D］
1. A) In a restaurant. B) In a shop.
C) In a department store. D) In a supermarket.
2. A) $44.00. B) $14.00. C) $30.00. D) $60.00.
3. A) Shop assistant-customer. B) Wife-Husband.
C) Customer-Waiter. D) Boss-employee.
4. A) The teacher delayed the conference.
B) There won't be a test this morning.
C) The students will take a math test before the conference.
D) The students will be attending a conference with the teacher.
5. A) He will lend the woman some typing paper.
B) He will buy some typing paper for the woman.
C) He will type the woman's paper.
D) He will borrow some typing paper from the woman.
6. A) She had lost the book. B) She had brought the wrong book.
C) She had forgotten to bring the book. D) She was not able to bring the book. 7. A) Aid the woman. B) Go home at six o'clock.
C) Type some letters. D) Work together with the Mr. Johnson.
8. A) She painted it by herself.
B) It isn't beautifully painted.
C) It needs to be painted.
D) She hired her brother to paint it.
9. A) She should take it to the post office.
B) It is too heavy to send by mail.
C) She could return it to the sender.
D) It needs more stamps.
10. A) He was wrecked in an accident.
B) He's in the hospital now.
C) He was involved in an automobile accident but he's not hurt.
D) He was seriously hurt.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 11 to 17 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 18 to 20 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Man has a big __11__ . He can think, learn and speak. Scientists used to think that men are different from __12__ because they can think and learn. They now know that animals can learn-dogs, rats, birds, and worms can learn. So scientists are __13__ to understand that men are different from animals because they can speak. Animals cannot speak. They make __14__ when they are __15__ , or angry, or unhappy. Apes are our nearest __16__ . They can understand some things more quickly than human beings, and one or two have learned a few words. But they are still different from us. They cannot join words and make sentences. They cannot think like us because they have no language. They can never think about the past or the future. Language is a __17__ thing. Man __18__. Every child can speak his own language very well when he is four or five __19__. How do children learn? Scientists do not really know. What happens when we speak? Scientists do not know.__20__.
Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Electronic books could revolutionize reading, but people ought to consider their far-reaching impacts as well. “The e-book promises to wreak a slow havoc(浩劫) on life as we know it,” Jason Ohler, professor of technology assessment(评估), university of Alaska Southeast In Juneau, warned the World Future Society, Bethesda, Md. His assessment weighed the pros and cons ( 赞成和反对的理由 ) of e-book technology's impact on social relationships, the environment, the economy, etc. Before you curl up （蜷曲）with an e-book, consider the disadvantages.
They increase eyestrain due to poor screen resolution, replace a relatively cheap commodity with a more expensive one, and displace workers in print book production and traditional publishing. E-books make it easy to share data, thereby threatening copyright agreements and reducing compensation of authors, as well as creating nonbiodegradable（不可生物降解）trash.
On the other hand, e-books save paper and trees, reduce the burden of the carrying and storing of printed books, promote self-sufficiency in learning, and make reading a collaborative experience online. They also create new jobs for writers and artists and encourage self-publishing.
In final analysis, Ohler points out, e-books should gain society's approval if a few conditions are met: make them biodegradable and recyclable, solve the problem of eye fatigue(疲劳), be sure the “have-nots” get the technology, and support e-book training in schools and business.
21. What is the author's purpose of writing the passage?
A) Draw people's attention to the disadvantages of e-books.
B) Call on people to reject e-books.
C) Criticize schools and business that don't provide e-books.
D) Encourage people to use e-books.
22. What is Jason Ohler's attitude towards e-books?
A) Positive. B) Indifferent. C) Cautious. D) Suspicious.
23. In what sense do e-books exert a negative impact on the environment?
A) They are unable to be broken down into harmless products.
B) They consume a lot of natural resources.
C) They produce harmful gases.
D) They are capable of being reused.
24. What is e-books' negative impact on social relationships？
A) They create new jobs only for writers.
B) Fewer and fewer people have access to new technology.
C) They may threaten some traditional trades.
D) They isolate people from one another.
25. What does Ohler suggest regarding the use of e-books?
A) The society should ensure the poor have access to the technology.
B) The society should ban the use of e-books if they cannot reduce eye fatigue.
C) The society should approve of the use of e-books if they are made recyclable. D) The schools should solve the present problems of e-books.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
When they marry, husbands and wives have well-developed health histories and well-established congenital（天生的）and developmental propensities（嗜好） toward good and ill health. Substantial research suggests that, given the existing health propensity and health condition of an individual at a particular time, his or her probability of better or worse future health is affected by a variety of socially mediated factors that are subject to influence or manipulation by his or her spouse.Spouses can promote each other's health by ameliorating（改善）psychological stress. A substantial literature develops strong evidence that psychological stress causes illness, increases mortality risk, and serves as an important mechanism that links socioeconomic characteristics to health and mortality. Stress-reducing mechanisms include removal of sources of stress, and management of stress by talking about it to a trusted other person, psychiatric treatment, physical exercise, recreation and other means. A spouse can provide or encourage all of these stress-reducing behaviors. Spouses also can promote each other's health by providing each other with supportive social contact, and they can facilitate or inhibit each other's social contact with supportive others. Evidence suggests that health is greatly advanced by supportive social contacts, including positive interaction with relatives, friends, coworkers and acquaintances. Recent experimental data shows that persons with more diverse social networks are more resistant to experimentally introduced upper respiratory viruses than persons with less diverse social networks.Spouses can also promote each other's health by providing each other with money income, and they can help each other manage money income effectively. Money does not buy health directly, but it can be used to purchase goods and services that make good health more likely. These goods and services include nutritious food, a hygienic and safe environment, medical care, and amenities that reduce psychological stress. Unless estranged(使疏远)or unusually wealthy, husbands and wives almost always share their financial resources and purchases and consume many of these health-promoting goods and services jointly. In short, there are many ways in which spouses can influence each other's probability of good health.
26. What is the passage mainly about?
A) How can spouses promote each other's health.
B) The spouse's probability of future health.
C) Effects of spouse's employment and hours of work on each other's health.
D) Spouses influence each other in various ways.
27. According to the author, what is the most effective way for the husband to reduce psychological stress?
A) To talk to other person. B) To go to see psychiatrist.
C) To enjoy. D) To talk with his wife.
28. Which one is the suitable summary of paragraph 1?
A) Spouse's influence is of vital importance to each other's health.
B) Spouse's influence has nothing to do with health.
C) Healthy spouses will remain health after their marriage.
D) There are a variety of socially mediated factors.
29. How can money make good health?
A) Money can buy health directly.
B) Spouses can manage money income effectively.
C) Money can provide spouses with goods and services, which is likely to make good health.
D) Husbands and wives share everything.
30. Which of the following is likely to make spouses in ill health?
A) Positive interaction with relatives.
B) Appropriate physical exercise.
C) Few social networks.
D) Nutritious food.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
What should you think about in trying to find your career? You are probably better at some school subjects than others. These may show strengths that you can use in your work. A boy who is good at mathematics can use that in an engineering career. A girl who spells well and likes English may be good at office work .So it is important to know the subjects you do well in at school. On the other hand, you may not have any specially strong or weak subjects but your records show a general satisfactory standard. Although not all subjects can be used directly in a job, they may have indirect value. Knowledge of history is not required for most jobs but if history is one of your good subjects you will have learned to remember facts and details. This is an ability that can be useful in many jobs.
Your school may have taught you skills, such as typing or technical drawing, which you can use in your work. You may be good at metal work or cookery(烹饪术)and look for a job where you can improve these skills.
If you have had a part-time job on Saturdays or in the summer, think what you gained from it. If nothing else, you may have learned how to get to work on time, to follow instructions and to get on with older workers. You may have learned to give correct change in a shop, for example. Just as important, you may become interested in a particular industry or career you see from the inside in a part-time job.
Facing your weak points is also part of knowing yourself. You may be all thumbs when you handle(运用)tools; perhaps you are a poor speller or cannot add up a column of figures. It is bitter to face any weaknesses than to pretend they do not exist. Your school record, for instance, may not be too good, yet it is an important part of your background. You should not be apologetic about it but instead recognize that you will have a chance of a fresh start at work.
31. Which of the following best sums up the first paragraph?
A) The importance of doing well at school.
B) Using school performance to help to choose a career.
C) The importance of being good at all subjects.
D) The indirect value of schoolwork.
32. The writer thinks that for a student to have a part-time job is probably ____.
A) a waste of time that could have been spent on study
B) useful for his future work
C) a good way to earn extra money
D) a good way to find out his weak points
33. According to the passage, if a student's school record is not good, he ____.
A) will be a complete failure in his future work
B) will not be able to find a suitable job
C) will regret not having worked harder at school
D) may do well in his future work
34. Which subject is supposed to have no direct value for job hunting?
• Mathematics. B. English.
C. Technical Drawing. D. History.
35. The whole passage centers on ____.
A) choosing a career according to what one is skilled in
B) acquiring knowledge by working hard at school
C) finding one's strong and weak points
D) developing one's abilities useful in school work
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
The more women and minorities make their way into the ranks of management, the more they seem to want to talk about things formerly judged to be best left unsaid. The newcomers also tend to see office matters with a fresh eye, in the process sometimes coming up with critical analyses of the forces that shape everyone's experience in the organization.
Consider the novel views of Harvey Coleman of Atlanta on the subject of getting ahead. Coleman is black. He spent 11 years with IBM, half of them working in management development, and now serves as a consultant to the likes of AT&T, Coca-Cola, Prudential, and Merch. Coleman says that based on what he's seen at big companies, he weighs the different elements that make for long-term career success as follows: performance counts a mere 10%; image, 30%; and exposure, a full 60%. Coleman concludes that excellent job performance is so common these days that while doing your work well may win you pay increases, it won't secure you the big promotion.Ridiculous(荒谬的，可笑的)beliefs? Not to many people, especially many women and members of minority races who, like Coleman, feel that the scales have dropped from their eyes. “Women and blacks in organizations work under false beliefs,” says Kaleel Jamison, a New York-based management consultant who helps corporations deal with these issues. “They think that if you work hard, you'll get ahead that someone in authority will reach down and give you a promotion.” She added, “Most women and blacks are so frightened that people will think they've gotten ahead because of their sex or color that they play down their visibility.” Her advice to those folks: learn the ways that white males have traditionally used to find their way into the spotlight(公众注意中心).
He finds that advancement more often depends on how many people know you and your work, and how high up they are.
36. According to the passage，“things formerly judged to be best left unsaid” probably refers to____.
A) the opinions, which contradict the established beliefs
B) criticisms that shape everyone's experience
C) the tendencies that help the newcomers to see office matters with a fresh eye
D) the ideas which usually come up with new ways of management in the organization
37. To achieve success in your career，the most important factor，according to the passage is to___.
A) work as a consultant to your superiors
B) project a favorable image to the people around you
C) let your superiors know how good you are
D) perform well your tasks given by your superiors
38. The reason why women and blacks play down their visibility is that they____.
A) Know that someone in authority will reach down and give them a promotion
B) Don't want people to think that their promotions were due to sex or color
C) Don't want to give people the impression that they work under false beliefs
D) Believe they can get promoted by reason of their sex or color
39. Why does Harvey Coleman have these “Ridiculous belief”?
A) He is an ironical person.
B) He was mistreated by someone in authority.
C) He has the privilege of experiencing those procedures himself.
D) He is one of the minorities.
40. The best title for this passage would be____.
A) the Importance of Being Visible
B) role of Women and Minorities in Management
C) job Performance and Advancement
D) sex and Career Success
Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
41. Jane's close____to her sister made people mistake them for one another.
A) accuracy B) membership C) probability D) resemblance
42. That book looks like an advanced ____ text to me.
A) economic B) economics C) economist D) economical
43. Tom failed the exam because of his laziness, but it was different ____ Mary, she failed because of her illness.
A) in the case of B) in case of C) in case D) in that case
44. The little girl ____ a foreign language fairly quick.
A) picked up B) followed up C) stepped up D) made up
45. When Mike was sixteen he____going around with a strange set of people and staying out very late.
A) took to B) took up C) took for D) took on
46. Mary moved her car out of the way so that the heavy lorry could ____.
A) come across B) come off C) come by D) come over
47. Let's not wait any longer, our English teacher might not ____ at all.
A) turn over B) turn down C) turn up D) turn on
48. When Peter was very young, he was terribly frightened of school, but he soon ____ it.
A) got over B) got across ) got away ) got off
49. There was nothing we could do ___ the circumstances.
A) on B)for C)under D)from
50. You may ask questions ____ points arising from the report.
A) of B) with C) on D) in
51. The purpose of the exam was ____ the students' mastery of the knowledge they have studied.
A)trying B) to test C) improvement D) to prove
52. I hope to live somewhere ____ the sun shines all year long.
A)which B) of which C) where D) at where
53. Tired ____he was, I had to disturb her.
A)although B) though C) because D) as
54. Jack decided to stop and have dinner, ____he was feeling quite hungry.
A)moreover B) consequently C) for D) whereas
55. Good writing can frequently be identified by its clarity, its ability to appeal to readers, and also ____ grammatical errors.
A)it is free of B) its from
C) its quality of being free from D) its freedom of
56. It's no use waiting for her any longer. We ____ get there without her.
A)as well B) as well as C) may as well D) well off
57. Jim's father, together with his two uncles, ____ in California one more day.
A)demand that he stay B) demands that he stays
C) demands that he stay D) demand that he stays
58. The key point of effective research is free ____ to accurate information.
A) approach B) finding C) admission D) access
59. Miss Li would rather spend the entire winter in Shanghai____ travel with her family to Beijing.
A) than B) when C) to D) then
60. The students were given tests to determine their language ____.
A) capacity B) talent C) aptitude D) attitude
61. John ____a long pole in the center of the field, and on the top of it I hung the lamp.
A) put up B) put out C)put on D)put up with
62. Look at these clouds.____.
A) It will rain B) It's going to rain C) It will be raining D) It is to rain 63. Living here in the deep forest with no one else near you must be very____.
A) sole B) consists in C) only D) lonely
64. The committee ____4 personnel appointed by the Owner and 6 appointed by the Contractor.
A) is composed of B)consists in C) makes up D) sets out
65. They have been ____with that company for many years.
A) comparing B)dealing C) keeping D) combining
66. If you want to know the times of buses, please____ at the office.
A) inquire B) inform C) require D) request
67. ____the 1500's the first European explored the coast of California.
A) It was not until…then B) It is not until…when
C) It is until…that D) It was not until…that
68. In accordance with the relevant laws the young ____18 are not approved to serve in the army.
A) beneath B) under C) underneath D) below
69. The private enterprise manager ____a generous sum to the relief of physically disabled.
A) assigned B)contributed C) furnished D) administered
70. ____the letter, I ran out of the room to the post office.
A) After I had finished for
B) No sooner that I had finished up
C) As soon as I finished writing
D) Since I finished up to write
Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer sheet with a single line through the center.
To be a good teacher, you need some of the gifts of a good actor: you must be able to __ 71 __the attention and interest of your students, you must be a __ 72 __ speaker, with a good, strong, __ 73 __ voice which is fully under your control; and you must be able to __ 74 __ what you are teaching, in order to make its meaning clear. __ 75 __ a good teacher, and you will see that he does not sit still __ 76 __ his class: he stands the whole time he is teaching; he walks about, using his __ 77 __, hands an fingers to help him in his explanations, and his face to express feelings. Listen to him, and you will __ 78 __ the loudness, the quality and the musical note of his voice always __ 79 __ according to what he is __ 80 __ about. The fact that a good teacher has some of the gifts of a good actor doesn't __ 81 __ that he will indeed be able to act __ 82 __ on the stage, for there are very important __ 83 __ between the teacher's work and the actor's. The actor has to speak words which he has learnt by heart; he has to repeat exactly the __ 84 __ words each time he plays a certain part. __ 85 __ his movements and the ways in which he uses his voice are usually __ 86 __ beforehand. What he has to do is to make all these carefully learnt words and actions seem __ 87 __ on the stage.
A good teacher __ 88 __ in quite a different way. His students take an active part in his __ 89 __ : they ask and answer questions, they obey orders, and if they don't obey something, they will say no. The teacher therefore has to suit his ac to the needs of his students, which is in his class. He can not learn his part by heart, but must __ 90 __ it as he goes along.
I have known many teachers who were fine actors in class but unable to take part in a stage play because their brains wouldn't keep discipline: they could not keep strictly to what another had written.
71.A) pay B) hold C) give D) know
72.A) clear B) slow C) quick D) loud
73.A) frightening B) fearing C) exciting D) pleasing
74.A) act B) talk C) say D) repeat
75.A) Listen B) Look C) Watch D) Observe
76.A) for B) before C) behind D) with
77.A) tongue B) words C) legs D) arms
78.A) hear B) see C) think D) guess
79.A) making B) changing C) expressing D) giving
80.A) talking B) thinking C) hearing D) saying
81.A) tell B) express C) show D) mean
82.A) good B) badly C) well D) actively
83.A) things B) differences C) points D) jobs
84.A) different B) same C) above D) following
85.A) Just B) Never C) Ever D) Even
86.A) read B) known C) fixed D) written
87.A) natural B) real C) false D) clear
88.A) is B) works C) has D) teaches
89.A) group B) party C) class D) play
90.A) invent B) discover C) teach D) continue
Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: On College Students and Mobile Phone. You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
Scripts for Listening Comprehension
1. W: Can I take your order, Sir?
M: Yes, I'd like to try the steak, please.
Q: Where are these people?
2. M: How come your aunt didn't fly?
W: It would have cost $45.00. The bus fare is only $15.00.
Q: How much more does it cost to fly?
3. W: Is there anything I can do for you?
M: Well, I'd like to buy some socks and a white shirt with short sleeves, please.
Q: What is the most probable relationship between these two people?
4. M: Aren't we supposed to have a math test this morning?
W: It's postponed because the teacher has to attend a conference.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
5. W: I'm out of typing paper. Will you lend me some?
M: I don't have any either, but I'll be glad to get you some when I go to the store.
Q: What is the man going to do?
6. M: Did you remember to bring the magazine you promised me last week?
W: I'm sorry, it completely slipped my mind, I'll bring it tomorrow.
Q: Why did the woman apologize to the man?
7. W: I would be quite appreciated if any of you could give me a hand.
M: I would like to, but I can't. Mr. Johnson told me to type some letters before I go home.
Q: What did Mr. Johnson ask the man do?
8. M: Your bedroom looks beautiful. Did you paint it yourself?
W: Of course not. I paid my younger brother to do it.
Q: What does the woman say about her bedroom.
9. W: This package was returned to me.
M: That's because you didn't put enough postage on it.
Q: What did the man tell the woman about the package?
10. M: Was your brother hurt in the accident?
W: He was shaken by the experience, but he's all right, physically. The car is a wreck though.
Q: What happened to the woman's brother?
Man has a big brain. He can think, learn and speak. Scientists used to think that men are different from animals because they can think and learn. They now know that animals can learn-dogs, rats, birds, and worms can learn. So scientists are beginning to understand that men are different from animals because they can speak. Animals cannot speak. They make noises when they are afraid, or angry, or unhappy. Apes are our nearest cousins. They can understand some things more quickly than human beings, and one or two have learned a few words. But they are still different from us. They cannot join words and make sentences. They cannot think like us because they have no language. They can never think about the past or the future. Language is a wonderful thing. Man has been able to develop civilization because he has language. Every child can speak his own language very well when he is four or five-but no animal learns to speak. How do children learn? Scientists do not really know. What happens when we speak? Scientists do not know. They only know that man can speak because he has a big brain.
1．答案A。这个对话的关键词是take order和steak, 这是餐馆里点菜场景。
2． 答案C。此题关键在于听懂第二个人的对话。“坐飞机要花上$45.00, 而车费只需$15.00”，不难推断只需再花上$45.00-$15.00=$30.00就能乘飞机了。
3． 答案A。此对话的关键词是buy, socks, shirt, 购买袜子和衬衣。不难推断出这是店员和顾客的对话。
4． 答案B。此题的关键是听懂postpone “延期，推迟”。It's postponed的it指的是math test.因此，从“今天上午的数学考试延期了”不难推出“今天上午不会进行考试”。
5． 答案B。此题是要听清but 后面的句子I'll be glad to get you some when I go to the store. “我到商店去的时候给你带些回来”，因此选B。
6． 答案C。此题实际是考slip one's mind这个词组的意思，slip one's mind意为“遗忘，忘记”，而答案中只有forget是它的同义词，因此选C。
7． 答案C。此题考察细节。只要听到了Mr. Johnson told me type some letters则不难得出正确答案。
8． 答案D。此题关键是paid my younger brother to do it. 即“花钱请弟弟粉刷的”。
9． 答案D。此题关键是要听懂第二个人的对话。That's because you didn't put enough postage on it.“那是因为你的邮资不够”。因此，要使得包裹发出去，就必须在包裹上贴上更多的邮票。所以选D。
10. 答案C。从The car is a wreck.可以知道因为出了一次事故，车给撞坏了。而从but he's all right可以得知她的兄弟没受什么伤。因此选C。
11. brain 12. animals 13. beginning 14. noises 15. afraid
16. cousins 17. wonderful
18. has been able to develop civilization because he has language
19. but no animal learns to speak
20. They only know that man can speak because he has a big brain.
21. 答案A。A)让人们注意到电子书籍的短处。B)号召人们拒绝购买电子书籍。C)批评学校和商业部门不提供电子书籍。D)鼓励人们使用电子书籍。此题考对全文的理解。作者第一段引用Jason Ohler的观点“the e-book promises to wreak a havoc on life”，即电子书籍会缓慢地破坏我们的生活，并在第二段列举电子书籍的种种弊端，意在提醒人们注意电子书籍的负面影响。 其他选项均与中心思想不符。
23. 答案A。A)电子书籍无法被分解为无害的东西。B)它们消耗大量的自然资源。 C)它们产生有害的气体。D)它们能被重新再利用。细节理解题。文章第二段最后一句“（e-books）…as well as creating nonbiodegradable trash.”, 即产生不可降解成无害物的垃圾。nonbiodegradable的意思是：“不可生物降解的。”
24. 答案C。A)它们为作家创造出新的工作。B)越来越少的人能接触新的技术。C)它们能威胁到一些传统的行业。D)它们使人与人疏远。细节理解题。文章第二段第一句说电子书将会displace workers in print book production and traditional publishing，即取代传统的出版业和印刷业的工人。A项为作家创造新的工作机会不是负面影响。B，D两项原文未提。
25. 答案A。A)社会应确保穷人能接触这项技术。 B)社会应该禁止电子书籍的使用以减少视疲劳。C)在电子书籍能被回收利用的情况下，社会应鼓励人们使用电子书籍。D)社会应该解决电子书籍带来的现实问题。此题考核词的理解。第三段提出使用电子书籍需要满足的条件，其中之一“be sure the have-nots get the technology”的意思是穷人也获得这种技术。B项原文并没有说要禁止使用电子书籍。C项只提到一点，不全面。
26. 答案A。A)夫妻如何促进相互间的健康。B)夫妻将来健康长寿的可能性。C)夫妻的工作及工作时间对相互间的影响。 D)夫妻在很多方面互相影响。该题为综合题。第一段中讲不论夫妻双方结婚前身体状况如何，大量研究表明夫妻双方将来的身体状况都受双方的影响，并且每段的第一句话都从增进健康的影响一面来讲述。
27. 答案D。A)与另外一个人讲话。B)看心理医生。C)尽情享受。D)与妻子交谈。细节题。第二段中“ A spouse can provide or encourage all of these stress-reducing behaviors.”虽然有各种减少精神压力的方法：和信任的人交流，心理咨询，锻炼，娱乐等，但配偶可以提供所有这些减少精神压力的方法。
29. 答案C。A)金钱可以直接购买健康。B)夫妻可以有效地管理钱财。C)金钱可以夫妻带来促进健康的商品和服务。D)夫妻共享一切。细节题。最后一段中，“Money does not buy health directly, but it can be used to purchase goods and services that make good health more likely.” 钱虽不可以直接买到健康，但可以买到人们保持身体健康所需的东西和服务。
31. 答案B。 A)在学校里表现好是很重要的。B) 根据在学校的表现来选择职业。C)各科成绩都好的重要性。D)学校学习的间接价值。从本段的第一、二句中可以看到本段在讨论找工作和在学校的表现的关系，而全段都在说那些科目和那些工作，因此可以推断出答案是 B。
32. 答案B。 A)浪费学习时间。B)对未来工作很有用。C)赚外快的好方法。D)找出自身弱点的好方法。本文的第三段说的是兼职工作能教给人哪些素质，以及它能让人认识到自己对什么职业感兴趣。因此选 B最合适。
33. 答案D。 A)会在未来工作中彻底失败。B)无法找到一个合适的工作。C)为没有在校刻苦学习而懊悔。D)可能在未来工作中干得好。见本文的最后两句，句意：你在学校的记录并不是很好，但它仍然是你背景的一个重要部分。你不应对此感到抱歉，相反，你应该认识到在工作中你会有一个全新的开始。所以应该选 D。
34. 答案D。 A)数学。B)英语。C)技术绘图。D)历史学。原文第一段提到Knowledge of history is not required for most jobs. 历史学对你所找的大多数工作可能不会有直接帮助。因此，选D。
35. 答案A。 A)根据自己的特长来选择工作。B)在校努力学习获取知识。C)发现自我优缺点。D)发展自身对学习有用的能力。本文大意是你可以根据自己擅长的科目来选择你适合的职业，重要的是通过自己的表现来认识自己，而不是一味地将目光放在成绩是好是坏上面。所以应该选 A。
36. 答案A。 A)与旧有的观点不一样的意见。B)规范每个人的批评。C)帮助新进人员用新视角看待办公室事务的倾向。D)常伴随公司管理新途径而产生的想法。第一段指出，随着越来越多的妇女和少数民族进入高级管理层(the ranks of management)，他们越来越想谈论以前认为最好不说的事情。新来者也倾向于用新眼光(with a fresh eye)看办公中的事情，有时对于公司培养(影响)人的做法提出批评。第二句提到了“新看法”，所以，第一句是好理解为：与旧有的观点不一样的意见。
37. 答案C。 A)为你们上司当顾问。B)给你周围同事留下好印象。C)让上司知道你的工作干得是多么好。D)出色完成上司交给你的任务。这实际上是科尔曼的观点。在第二段，作者引用了科尔曼的观点，在他看来，人的成功百分之六十靠的是宣扬自己(exposure)，他认为，能做好工作的人今天司空见惯，虽然做好工作可能提高工资，但是却不一定能带来实质性的晋升，晋升更多地取决于：有多少人了解你，了解你的工作，了解你的人在公司里地位的高低(how high up they are)。
38. 答案B。 A)知道当权者会下基层给他们提升。B)不想让人认为他们的晋升是出于性别和皮肤原因。C)不想给别人留下在错误想法下工作的印象。D)相信他们会因为性别和肤色而得以升迁。最后一段指出，科尔曼的观点是否有点荒唐呢？对于许多人来说，特别是对妇女和像科尔曼这样的少数民族的人来说并不荒唐，因为他们感到自己已看到事情的本质(the scales have dropped from their eyes)。贾米森在纽约做管理顾问，帮助公司处理这方面的事务，她说：“公司工作的妇女和黑人经常有些错误认识，认为只要努力工作，就会有晋升的机会和外快，给你升职。妇女和黑人大都害怕人们会认为他们升职是因为自己的性别或肤色，所以他们尽量不出头露面宣扬自己(play down their visibility)。”对于这些人，她的忠告是：学学男人白人们引人注目(find their way into the spotlight)的一贯做法。
39. 答案 D。 A) 他天生富于批判性。B) 他曾被上级冤枉过。C) 他亲身经历过类似情形。D) 他是少数民族的一员。根据第二段可知，作者引用他的言论主要是考虑到他在IBM等公司的经历。D项符合事实，因此，选D。
40. 答案A。 A)引人注目的重要性。B)管理层中的女人与黑人的角色。C)工作表现与晋升。D)事业成功的关系。此题为主旨题，根据文章大意，选择A。
41. 答案 D。 句意：Jane和她妹妹由于长得相像而经常会被认错。A）accuracy意为“精确；准确”；B）membership意为“资格；会员的身份”；C ）probability意为“可能性；可能的结果”；D）resemblance意为“相似；相像”。根据本题句意及四个单词的意思，本题的正确答案为D。
42. 答案B。句意：那本书对于我来说象是一本经济学教科书。A）economic意为“经济的”； B）economics意为“经济学”；C）economist意为“经济学家”；economical意为“节俭的”。根据本题句意及四个单词的意思，本题的正确答案为B。
43. 答案A。句意：Tom因为懒惰而考试不及格，但Mary的情况与Tom不同，她是因为得了病才不及格。A） in the case of意为“在某一情况下”此处指“Mary的情况与Tom不同” ；B)，C）in case(of) 意为“万一”，“以防”； D）意为“在那种情况下”。根据本题句意及四个单词的意思，本题的正确答案为A。
44. 答案A。句意：那小女孩很快就学会了一门外语。A）picked up 此处意为“(通过实践)学会(外语、技术)”；B) followed up意为“追究，继续做”；C) stepped up 意为“走近”，D)made up 意为“伪装，捏造”。 根据本题句意及四个单词的意思，本题的正确答案为A。
45. 答案A。句意：迈克十六岁时就和一群陌生人混在一起，很晚不回家。A) take to 沉溺于；Mike's taken to drinking too much lately.最近迈克过于沉溺于饮酒。B）take up 从事于；占据（一定的空间或时间）；She has taken up a job as a teacher. 她从事教师的工作。A grand piano would take up half of our living room.一架平台钢琴占去我们客厅的一半。C) take for 把（某人）误认为（别人）；把...当作；Don't take the enemy for our own people. 不要把敌人当作自己的人。What do you take me for? 你把我当作什么样的人？D)take on 承担；聘用；Tom took on greater responsibilities when he was promoted. 汤姆被提升后负起了更大的责任。She was taken on as a graduate trainee. 她毕业后被雇用为见习生。根据本题意思以及这个词组的意思和用法，本题答案应为A。
46. 答案C。句意：玛丽把小汽车开到路边，让载重卡车通过。A）come across 偶然遇见；偶然发现；I came across my uncle in the street this afternoon. 今天下午我在街上偶然遇到我的叔叔。She came across some old letters in a drawer. 她在抽屉里偶然发现了一些旧的信件。B）come off 成功 He came off very well in the struggle. 他在这场斗争中表现得很成功。C）come by 从旁边走过 D）come over 过来 come over and see us next week. 下周来看看我们。根据句子意思，本题的答案为C。
47. 答案C。句意：咱们别再等了，我们的英语老师可能根本不会来了。A）turn over 考虑，思量 She turned over the contract in mind all night.她整晚都在考虑这份合同。B）turn down 1.关小,调低；That radio is pretty loud. Can you turn it down a little? 收音机的声音太响，你能开小一点吗？2. 拒绝，不接受（请求，某人等）；She tried to join the army but was turned down, because of poor health. 她想参军，但因身体不好被断然拒绝了。C）turn up 出现，露面 He turns up late for everything. 他总是迟到．D) turn on 将（电视，炉灶，收音机，电灯，暖气等）打开 Turn on the gas and light the oven. 打开煤气，点着炉灶．根据本题的句意，本题答案为C.
48. 答案A。句意：彼特年轻时很惧怕学校，但他很快就恢复正常了。A）get over 痊愈，恢复；Has he got over his illness yet? 他的病已好了吗？B)get across 使人了解或接受；He found it difficult to get his Chinese humor across to an English audience.他发现自己的中国式幽默很难为英国观众所理解。C)get away 逃离（犯罪现场）；The thieves got away with all our money. 小偷带了我们所有的钱逃跑了。D)get off 从...下来；He got off to inspect the horse's foot. 他下马来检查马蹄。根据本题的句意及这四个词组的不同意思，本题答案为A。
49. 答案C。句意：情况既然这样，我们就没有什么事可做了。under (或in) the circumstances 是惯用语，意为在某种（任何）情况下。根据句意A, B, D均不符合题意，因此本题答案为C。
50. 答案C。句意：你们可以就报告中提出的论点提问。question后常用介词on，表示“关于，涉及。”根据句意A, B, D均不符合题意，因此本题答案为C.
51. 答案B。句意：这项考试的目的是检测学生对他们所学知识的掌握情况。purpose之后多接to来表示目的。D)项中，to prove 意为证实，证明。A, C均不符合题意，因此本题答案为B。
52. 答案C。句意：我希望住在整年都有充足阳光的地方。先看划线部分后面（即从句部分），the sun为从句主语，shines为从句谓语并且是一个不及务动词后面不跟宾语，从句就是一个完整的句子，因此空格处应当填上关系副词或介词+which结构，A)which 是关系代词，B) of which 中的of 在此不能与shines搭配，D)是介词+关系副词。根据句意及语法结构可以排除A)、B)、D)三项，因此答案选C。
54. 答案C。句意：杰克决定停下来去吃晚饭，因为他觉得很饿。A)moreover “此外” 和B)consequently “因而，所以”都是副词，常用作插入语；C)for 为并列连词可表示原因；D）whereas “而，却”不合句意，因此选C。
55. 答案C。句意：一篇优秀作品的标志往往是它的明晰性，取悦读者的能力和没有语法错误的高质量文字。and是一个并列连词，应该前后连接对等的成分，它前面是its clarity, its ability, 其后也应该是一个名词，可以排除掉A和B；D项的freedom意为“自由”不合题意，因此选C。
56. 答案C。句意：再等她也没用，我们不妨先走吧。A) as well 意为“也，又”，如：He knows German as well. 他也懂德文。B) as well as 意为“除…之外（也）”； C) may as well 是惯用词组，意为“还是…为好，不妨”；D) well off 意为“富裕的”。根据句意，A、B、D均不符合题意，因此选C。
57. 答案C。句意：吉姆的父亲和他两个叔叔要求他在加利福利亚多呆一天。Jim's father 是句子主语，together with two uncles是插入语，可以确定谓语要用第三人称单数，排除掉A和D。动词demand后的宾语从句通常要求动词原型作谓语，因此选C。
58. 答案D。句意：有成效的研究工作的关键之处就是能自由使用准确的信息。D)项中，名词access的意思是“使用、接触或进入的方法（权利、机会等）”，后常接介词to, 符合此题的句意和语法。A)approach to 做…的态度或方法；B)finding 发现；不与to连用。C)admission (to) 准许进入；这三个词皆不宜采用。因此，本题答案应为D。
60. 答案C。句意：对学生们进行了测验以便确定他们的语言能力。A)capacity 意为“容量” 如：breathing capacity 肺活量；B)talent “天资，才干”如：one's artistic talents 艺术天分；C)aptitude 意为“获取知识或技能的天资，才能”；D)attitude 意为“态度”。根据句意，C）最适合此句，因此选C。
61. 答案A。句意：约翰在场地中央立起了一根长杆子，而我把灯挂在了杆子顶上。put up意为“举起，立起，建成”，如：It is getting dark, and we should put up our tent as soon as possible.天黑了，我们得尽快搭起帐篷。put out意为“生产，发表”，如：This factory can put out 130 machines every month.该厂每月能生产130台机器。put on意为“上演，戴上”，如：He put on his raincoat and went outwards.他穿上雨披，走了出去。put up with意为“忍受，容忍”，如：I can't put up with your rudeness any more; leave the room! 你这样无礼，我难以忍受，从房间里出去! 因此本题答案为A。
62. 答案B。句意：看看这些乌云，马上就要下雨了。选项A中will表示一种意愿，如： Man will be able to utilize solar energy on a large scale some day.总有一天人类将能够大规模地利用太阳能。B中的be going to do sth.表示目前已有迹象表明即将发生某种事情，如：It is going to snow.天要下雪了。C中使用了将来进行时，用来表示将来某一时刻或某一时期正在进行的动作，如：When you get there you will find they are doing the experiment.你到那里时，会发现他们正在那里做试验。D中的be to do sth.表示一种计划或安排，如：President Jiang Zemin is to make a political report at the conference.江泽民主席将在大会上作一个政治报告。因此本题答案为B。
63. 答案D。句意：住在密林里，周围又没有其他人，你肯定非常寂寞。sole意为“惟一的，独一无二的”，如：It is said that he is the sole person in the design institute who has got this special honor. 据说，他是该设计院惟一获此殊荣的人。alone意为“单独，独自”，可以用做副词和形容词，但做形容词时，只能用做表语，lonely意为“孤独，寂寞”，做形容词用，如：He lives alone, but he never feels lonely. 虽然他独自一个人生活，但从未感到过孤独。only做副词用，意为“仅仅”，如：Only 5 soldiers survived the battle.这次战役中，仅有五名士兵生还。因此本题答案为D。
64. 答案A。句意：委员会由业主指定的四名人员和承包商指定的六名人员组成。be composed of意为“由…组成，包括”，句子的主语为整体，而宾语看做构成整体的部分，如：This multiple-choice test is composed of 30 incomplete statements.多项选择题由30个不完整的句子组成。consist in意为“在于，原因在于”，如：Our team's repeated failures consist in the discouragement of the coach.我们球队一再失利，原因在于教练的勇气不足。make up意为“弥补，补充”，如：When the level indicator shows that the water is insufficient in the boiler, the pump will make up water for it automatically.当液体指示器显示锅炉内水不充足时，泵将自动为其补充水。set out意为“着手，开始”，如：He set out to paint the whole house but finished only the front part. 他开始着手粉刷房子，可是只完成了前面的部分。因此本题答案为A。
65. 答案B。句意：他们与那家公司有多年的贸易往来。compare with意为“与…进行比较”，如：They have compared the TV sets made in China with those made in Japan.他们将国产电视机和日本电视机进行了比较。deal with意为“与… …交往，与…交易”， 所以上句中deal with that company for many years指与该公司发展业务许多年。keep with无此搭配，而通常用做keep up with,意为“跟人(人、形势等)，不落后”，如：We should do our best to keep up with the development of the society. 我们应该努力跟上社会的发展步伐。combine with意为“化合，混合”，如：What do we produce when we combine copper with iron? 把铜和铁化合在一起，能够生成什么? 因此本题答案为B。
66. 答案A。句意：如果想知道公共汽车的发车时间，请到该办事处查询。inquire意为“询问，查询”，常用于短语“inquire sth. of sb.”，如：After an examination the students often inquire their marks of their teachers.考试结束后，学生们常常向老师询问分数。inform意为“通知，告知”，常用于短语“inform sb. of sth.”，如：We will inform you of any vacant position by telephone.如果有什么空缺的职位，我们会打电话通知你。require意为“(正式)要求，命令”，如：All the passengers are required to show their tickets.旅客都要缴验车票。request意为“(礼貌地)要求或请求”，如：I requested them to stop making such a noise。因此本题答案为A。
67. 答案D。句意：直到16世纪，第一位欧洲人才发现加利福尼亚海岸。本句隐含的意思为：在16世纪之前未发现加利福尼亚海岸，因而可以将该句改成：Europeans didn't explore the coast of California until the 1500's.如果强调此类句子的时间状语，则往往将not放在时间状语之前一起强调，如：It was not until the company repaid all the old loans that it was allowed to take new ones.直到公司偿清所有以前的贷款后，才允许它再借款。因此本题答案为D。
68. 答案B。句意：按照有关法律规定，不批准18岁以下的年轻人去服兵役。 beneath, underneath和below通常用于表示方位，意为“在…下”，表示年龄小于多少一般不用以上三个词，而常用under。因此本题答案为B。
69. 答案B。句意：这个私营企业经理捐了一大笔钱来救济残疾人。assign意为“安排，转让”，往往用于短语“assign sth. to sb.”，如：Because I was in debt to Paul I had to assign my house to him. 因为我欠保罗的债，不得已将房子转让给了他。contribute一般用于短语“contribute to sth.”，意为“向… …捐款，向… …注资”，如：He owed his success to the good policies of the Party and contributed a lot of money to the Project Hope.他将自己的成功归因于党的政策好，并且向希望工程捐了很多钱。furnish意为“供应”，如：This shop furnishes everything that is needed for camping.这家商店供应各种露营用品。administer意为“给予”，常用于短语“administer sth. to sb.”如：The nurse is administering the medicine to the sick woman.护士正在给那位生病的妇女喂药。因此本题答案为B。
70. 答案C。句意：一写完信，我就从家里跑到邮局。finish为及物动词，往往后边直接跟名词、代词或动名词，表示做完某项事或完成某项动作，故此句只有选C正确。此外，即使使用no sooner，但如果置于句首，谓语也必须倒装。因此本题答案为C。〖ZK〗〗
71. 答案B。语意：要做一名优秀教师，你需要具备一个优秀演员的天赋，你必须能引起学生的注意力和兴趣，且使之持久。hold具有此意。A) pay attention to“对……引起注意”，但本句中用了the，搭配错误。C)give “给与”，D)know“知道”，根据句意，选B。
72. 答案A。 A) clear清楚的，它与下句中的a good strong-voice相一致。B)slow 慢的 C)quick 快的 D)loud 大声的
73. 答案B。 A)frightening 吓人的 B)fearing 害怕的C)exciting 兴奋的D) pleasing 愉悦的，使人高兴的 由voice前面的两个褒义形容词good、strong可知此处也应该填入一个褒义形容词，根据题意，选B。
74. 答案A。A) act 表演 此处意为根据教学内容进行表演可以使学生更明白。B)talk 谈话；C)say 说；D)repeat 重复；根据句意，选A。
75. 答案C。 A)Listen听 B)Look看Listen和look后接宾语时，应分别和to,at连用C)Watch观看，观察D)Observe。observe语法正确，但意义过于严肃，如：observe a scientific experiment观察一项科学实验。本题中只有watch在意义语法上均正确，因此选C。
76. 答案B。 传统的教学方式是，教师上课总是一直坐在教室前面。而一位好老师上课却一直站着，在教室里来回走动并用借助肢体语言和面部表情使课上得生动易懂。因此选B。
77. 答案D。 从上文可知，教师借动作来表情达意，解释教学内容。
78. 答案A。 这里指听到老师上课时那抑扬顿挫，悦耳动听的讲课声。
79. 答案B。 指声音频度的变化。
80. 答案A。声调随讲课内容的变化而变化。D)say意为“说，表达”是及物动词，强调说的内容，后多跟that引导的宾语从句。A)talk “谈话，说”,可作及物动词也可作不及物动词，作不及物动词多跟about, 指谈话的内容，此处指讲课。
83. 答案B。There are differences between …and…“ 与……之间有区别”。
84. 答案B。演员只须将事先背好的台词说出来就可以了，也就是说演员所说的话和剧本台词是相同的，故用the same。
89. 答案C。 take an active part in意为“在……中起着积极的作用”，因本题讲的是教师与学生，故应用class。
90. 答案A。 教师不可能把所有要讲的内容全背下来，但他必须根据教学内容创造性地进行教学。B)discover发现 ；C）teach教；D）continue 继续；根据句意，选A。
College Students and Mobile Phone
With the development of telecommunication technology and economy, more and more people become appreciating the convenience of mobile phone. We may notice that the number of college students using mobile phone around us is increasing drastically every year. One reason is that the price of mobile phone, together with communication fee is decreasing year by year. Almost every one can afford it. In addition, mobile phone manufacturers periodically promote newly developed mobile phones, such as color-screen mobile phone, can-listen-mp3 mobile phone etc., which as a matter of fact stimulate the purchasing desire of potential users, especially college students.
However, mobile phone also brings about many problems. For instance, mobile phone noise is always irritating when it unexpectedly rings in the classroom where many students are concentrating on study. Moreover, mobile phone expense increases students' economic burden, which they originally can use to buy some reference books.
Undoubtedly, everything has its advantage and disadvantage, just like “ every blade has its two edges ” . Given the aspect of convenience, personally, I think it is recommendable that college students use mobile phone in this information era.